VENEZUELA

Information about travelling to Venezuela

Venezuela is located in Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, between Colombia and Guyana

Facts about Venezuela
Population26,414,816 (July 2008 est
CapitalCaracas
Time zoneUTC-4.5 (half an hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Location Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, between Colombia and Guyana

General info about Venezuela
Venezuela was one of three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others being Ecuador and New Granada, which became Colombia). For most of the first half of the 20th century, Venezuela was ruled by generally benevolent military strongmen, who promoted the oil industry and allowed for some social reforms. Democratically elected governments have held sway since 1959. Hugo CHAVEZ, president since 1999, seeks to implement his "21st Century Socialism," which purports to alleviate social ills while at the same time attacking globalization and undermining regional stability. Current concerns include: a weakening of democratic institutions, political polarization, a politicized military, drug-related violence along the Colombian border, increasing internal drug consumption, overdependence on the petroleum industry with its price fluctuations, and irresponsible mining operations that are endangering the rain forest and indigenous peoples.
Disease threats
degree of risk: high food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A vec
Languages spoken
Spanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects
What about drugs?
small-scale illicit producer of opium and coca for the processing of opiates and coca derivatives; however, large quantities of cocaine, heroin, and marijuana transit the country from Colombia bound for US and Europe; significant narcotics-related money-laundering activity, especially along the border with Colombia and on Margarita Island; active eradication program primarily targeting opium; increasing signs of drug-related activities by Colombian insurgents on border
Ethnic division
Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, indigenous people
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
0.7%; note - no country specific models provided (2001 est.)
Climate
tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands
Resources
petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, bauxite, other minerals, hydropower, diamonds
Economy
Venezuela remains highly dependent on oil revenues, which account for roughly 90% of export earnings, about 50% of the federal budget revenues, and around 30% of GDP. A nationwide strike between December 2002 and February 2003 had far-reaching economic consequences - real GDP declined by around 9% in 2002 and 8% in 2003 - but economic output since then has recovered strongly. Fueled by high oil prices, record government spending helped to boost GDP by about 9% in 2006, 8% in 2007, and nearly 6% in 2008. This spending, combined with recent minimum wage hikes and improved access to domestic credit, has created a consumption boom but has come at the cost of higher inflation-roughly 20% in 2007 and more than 30% in 2008. Imports also have jumped significantly. Declining oil prices in the latter part of 2008 are expected to undermine the govenment's ability to continue the high rate of spending. President Hugo CHAVEZ in 2008 continued efforts to increase the government's contol of the economy by nationalizing firms in the cement and steel sectors. In 2007 he nationalized firms in the petroleum, communications, and electricity sectors. In July 2008, CHAVEZ implemented by decree a number of laws that further consolidate and centralize authority over the economy through his plan for "21st Century Socialism."
Environment
sewage pollution of Lago de Valencia; oil and urban pollution of Lago de Maracaibo; deforestation; soil degradation; urban and industrial pollution, especially along the Caribbean coast; threat to the rainforest ecosystem from irresponsible mining operations

Cities in Venezuela

acarigua     altagracia de orituco     anaco     araure     bachaquero     barcelona     barinas     barinitas     barquisimeto     baruta     cabimas     cabudare     cagua     calabozo     cantaura     caraballeda     caracas     carora     carrizal     carupano     catia la mar     caucaguita     chacao     charallave     chivacoa     ciudad bolivar     ciudad guayana     ciudad ojeda     coro     cua     cumana     ejido     el cafetal     el hatillo     el limon     el tigre     el tocuyo     el vigia     goaigoaza     guacara     guanare     guarenas     guasdualito     guatire     guigue     la asuncion     la dolorita     la fria     la guaira     la victoria     lagunillas     los dos caminos     los rastrojos     los teques     machiques     maiquetia     maracaibo     maracay     mariara     maturin     moron     nirgua     ocumare del tuy     palo negro     petare     porlamar     puerto ayacucho     puerto cabello     punta cardon     punto fijo     quibor     rubio     san antonio del tachira     san carlos     san carlos del zulia     san cristobal     san felipe     san joaquin     san jose de guanipa     san juan de colon     san juan de los morros     san mateo     santa rita     santa teresa     tacarigua     tariba     tinaquillo     trujillo     tucupita     turmero     upata     valencia     valera     villa bruzual     villa de cura     villa del rosario     yaritagua     zaraza    

National airlines
Avensa -Venezuela.airline website


Airports in Venezuela
AnzualeguiAAO
AcariguaAGV
Gen. J A AnzoateguiBLA
BarinasBNS
BarquisimetoBRM
CanaimaCAJ
Ciudad BolivarCBL
Oro NegroCBS
Simon BolivarCCS
Ciudad GuayanaCGU
CalabozoCLZ
CumanaCUM
CarupanoCUP
CasiguaCUV
CoroCZE
El TigreELX
El DoradoEOR
ElorzaEOZ
Vare MariaGDO
GuiriaGUI
GuanareGUQ
IcabaruICA
KavanayenKAV
KamarataKTV
La GuairaLAG
La FriaLFR
LagunillasLGY
Josefa CamejoLSP
La ChinitaMAR
A CarnevalliMRD
QuiriquireMUN
MaracayMYC
Puerto CabelloPBL
PedernalesPDZ
DelCaribe Gen S MarinoPMV
Puerto PaezPPZ
PalmaritoPTM
Puerto AyacuchoPYH
Puerto OrdazPZO
San CristobalSCI
Las FlecherasSFD
San FelixSFX
San FelipeSNF
Santa ElenaSNV
El TigreSOM
Mayo GuerreroSTD
San AntonioSVZ
TumeremoTMO
TucupitaTUV
UrimanURM
CaroraVCR
Valle De PascuaVDP
El VigiaVIG
ValenciaVLN
CarvajalVLV


Beer in Venezuela (0.33l)
Caracas~ 0.8 EUR
Maracaibo~ 0.6 EUR
Maracaibo~ 0.6 EUR

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