Facts about Bulgaria
|Population||7,262,675 (July 2008 est.|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begin|
Southeastern Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Romania and Turkey
General info about Bulgaria
The Bulgars, a Central Asian Turkic tribe, merged with the local Slavic inhabitants in the late 7th century to form the first Bulgarian state. In succeeding centuries, Bulgaria struggled with the Byzantine Empire to assert its place in the Balkans, but by the end of the 14th century the country was overrun by the Ottoman Turks. Northern Bulgaria attained autonomy in 1878 and all of Bulgaria became independent from the Ottoman Empire in 1908. Having fought on the losing side in both World Wars, Bulgaria fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a People's Republic in 1946. Communist domination ended in 1990, when Bulgaria held its first multiparty election since World War II and began the contentious process of moving toward political democracy and a market economy while combating inflation, unemployment, corruption, and crime. The country joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007.
Bulgarian 84.5%, Turkish 9.6%, Roma 4.1%, other and unspecified 1.8% (2001 census)
What about drugs?
major European transshipment point for Southwest Asian heroin and, to a lesser degree, South American cocaine for the European market; limited producer of precursor chemicals; some money laundering of drug-related proceeds through financial institutions
Bulgarian 83.9%, Turk 9.4%, Roma 4.7%, other 2% (including Macedonian, Armenian, Tatar, Circassian) (2001 census)
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
less than 0.1% (2001 est.)
temperate; cold, damp winters; hot, dry summers
bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land
Bulgaria, a former Communist country that entered the EU on 1 January 2007, has experienced strong growth since a major economic downturn in 1996. Successive governments have demonstrated commitment to economic reforms and responsible fiscal planning, but have failed so far to rein in rising inflation and large current account deficits. Bulgaria has averaged more than 6% growth since 2004, attracting significant amounts of foreign direct investment, but corruption in the public administration, a weak judiciary, and the presence of organized crime remain significant challenges.
air pollution from industrial emissions; rivers polluted from raw sewage, heavy metals, detergents; deforestation; forest damage from air pollution and resulting acid rain; soil contamination from heavy metals from metallurgical plants and industrial wastes
Cities in Bulgariaahtopol ajtos alfatar antonovo ardino asenovgrad balgarovo bankja bansko batak batanovci belene belica belogradcik beloslav belovo berkovica bjala blagoevgrad bobosevo bobovdol boljarovo borovo botevgrad bracigovo bregovo breznik brezovo buhovo burgas carevo cepelare cirpan dalgopol debelec devin dimitrovgrad dimovo dobric dolna banja dolna mitropolija dolni dabnik dospat dragoman drjanovo dulovo dupnica dve mogili elena elhovo elin pelin etropole gabrovo galabovo godec gramada guljanci gurkovo harmanli haskovo ihtiman iskar isperih ivajlovgrad jablanica jakoruda jambol kalofer kameno kaolinovo karlovo karnobat kaspican kavarna kazanlak kermen kilifarevo kjustendil klisura kneza kocerinovo kojnare koprivstica kostenec kostinbrod kotel kozloduj kresna kricim krivodol krumovgrad kubrat kula laki letnica levski ljaskovec ljubimec lom lovec loznica lukovit madan magliz malko tarnovo melnik mericleri mezdra momcilgrad montana nedelino nesebar nikolaevo nikopol nova zagora novi iskar novi pazar obzor omurtag opaka orjahovo panagjuriste pavlikeni pazardzik pernik perustica pestera petric pirdop plackovci pleven pliska plovdiv pomorie popovo pordim pravec primorsko provadija radnevo radomir rakitovo rakovski razgrad razlog rila roman rudozem ruse sabla sadovo saedinenie samokov sandanski senovo septemvri sevlievo silistra simeonovgrad simitli sipka slavjanovo sliven smoljan sofia sopot sozopol sredec stara zagora straldza strazica strelca suhindol sumen sungurlare suvorovo svilengrad svistov svoge tervel teteven topolovgrad tran trastenik trjavna trojan tutrakan tvardica ugarcin varna veliki preslav velingrad vetovo vidin vraca zavet zemen zlatarica zlatica zlatograd