Facts about Paraguay
|Population||6,831,306 (July 2008 est.|
|Time zone||UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)|
Central South America, northeast of Argentina
General info about Paraguay
In the disastrous War of the Triple Alliance (1865-70) - between Paraguay and Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay - Paraguay lost two-thirds of all adult males and much of its territory. It stagnated economically for the next half century. In the Chaco War of 1932-35, Paraguay won large, economically important areas from Bolivia. The 35-year military dictatorship of Alfredo STROESSNER ended in 1989, and, despite a marked increase in political infighting in recent years, Paraguay has held relatively free and regular presidential elections since then.
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and
Spanish (official), Guarani (official)
What about drugs?
major illicit producer of cannabis, most or all of which is consumed in Brazil, Argentina, and Chile; transshipment country for Andean cocaine headed for Brazil, other Southern Cone markets, and Europe; weak border controls, extensive corruption and money-laundering activity, especially in the Tri-Border Area; weak anti-money-laundering laws and enforcement
mestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) 95%, other 5%
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
0.5% (2003 est.)
subtropical to temperate; substantial rainfall in the eastern portions, becoming semiarid in the far west
hydropower, timber, iron ore, manganese, limestone
Landlocked Paraguay has a market economy marked by a large informal sector, featuring reexport of imported consumer goods to neighboring countries, as well as the activities of thousands of microenterprises and urban street vendors. A large percentage of the population, especially in rural areas, derives its living from agricultural activity, often on a subsistence basis. Because of the importance of the informal sector, accurate economic measures are difficult to obtain. On a per capita basis, real income has stagnated at 1980 levels. Most observers attribute Paraguay's poor economic performance to political uncertainty, corruption, limited progress on structural reform, and deficient infrastructure. The economy rebounded between 2003 and 2008, however, as growing world demand for commodities combined with high prices and favorable weather to support Paraguay's commodity-based export expansion. Paraguay is the sixth largest soy producer in the world.
deforestation; water pollution; inadequate means for waste disposal pose health risks for many urban residents; loss of wetlands
Cities in Paraguayabai acahay alberdi alto vera altos antequera aregua arroyos y esteros asuncion atyra ayolas belen bella vista benjamin aceval borja buena vista caacupe caaguazu caapucu caazapa cambyreta capiata capiibary capitan bado capitan meza capitan miranda caraguatay carapegua carayao carlos antonio lopez carmen del parana cerrito chore concepcion coronel bogado coronel martinez coronel oviedo corpus christi curuguaty desmochados doctor botrell doctor cecilio baez doctor juan leon mallorquin doctor juan manuel frutos doctor pedro p. pena edelira emboscada encarnacion escobar eusebio ayala felix perez cardozo fernando de la mora filadelfia fram fuerte olimpo general artigas general delgado general elizardo aquino general higinio morinigo general jose eduvigis diaz guarambare hohenau horqueta humaita independencia isla pucu isla umbu ita itacurubi de la cordillera itacurubi del rosario itanara itape itapua poty itaquyry itaugua iturbe jesus juan de mena la colmena la paz lambare laureles leandro oviedo lima limpio loma grande los cedrales luque maciel mariano roque alonso mayor pablo lagerenza mbocayaty mbutuy mbuyapey nacunday naranjal natalicio talavera natalio nemby nueva alborada nueva colombia nueva germania nueva italia nueva londres numi obligado paraguari paso de patria pedro juan caballero pilar pirapo pirayu piribebuy pozo colorado presidente franco primero de marzo puerto pinasco quiindy quyquyho repatriacion salto del guaira san alberto san antonio san bernardino san carlos san cosme y damian san cristobal san estanislao san joaquin san jose de los arroyos san jose obrero san juan bautista san juan bautista de neembucu san juan del parana san juan nepomuceno san lazaro san lorenzo san miguel san patricio san pedro de ycuamandiyu san pedro del parana san rafael del parana san salvador santa elena santa maria santa rita santa rosa santiago sapucai tacuaras tacuati tavai tobati trinidad union valenzuela veinticinco de diciembre villa elisa villa florida villa franca villa hayes villa oliva villalbin villarrica villeta yabebyry yaguaron yataity yataity del norte ybycui ybytimi yegros ygatimi yhu ypacarai ypane yuty