NAMIBIA

Information about travelling to Namibia

Namibia is located in Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and South Africa

Facts about Namibia
Population2,088,669 note: est
CapitalWindhoek
Time zoneUTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begin
Location Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and South Africa

General info about Namibia
South Africa occupied the German colony of South-West Africa during World War I and administered it as a mandate until after World War II, when it annexed the territory. In 1966 the Marxist South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) guerrilla group launched a war of independence for the area that became Namibia, but it was not until 1988 that South Africa agreed to end its administration in accordance with a UN peace plan for the entire region. Namibia has been governed by SWAPO since the country won independence in 1990. Hifikepunye POHAMBA was elected president in November 2004 in a landslide victory replacing Sam NUJOMA who led the country during its first 14 years of self rule.
Disease threats
degree of risk: high food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid
Languages spoken
English 7% (official), Afrikaans common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population, German 32%, indigenous languages 1% (includes Oshivambo, Herero, Nama)
Ethnic division
black 87.5%, white 6%, mixed 6.5% note: about 50% of the population belong to the Ovambo tribe and 9% to the Kavangos tribe; other ethnic groups include Herero 7%, Damara 7%, Nama 5%, Caprivian 4%, Bushmen 3%, Baster 2%, Tswana 0.5%
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
21.3% (2003 est.)
Climate
desert; hot, dry; rainfall sparse and erratic
Resources
diamonds, copper, uranium, gold, silver, lead, tin, lithium, cadmium, tungsten, zinc, salt, hydropower, fish note: suspected deposits of oil, coal, and iron ore
Economy
The economy is heavily dependent on the extraction and processing of minerals for export. Mining accounts for 8% of GDP, but provides more than 50% of foreign exchange earnings. Rich alluvial diamond deposits make Namibia a primary source for gem-quality diamonds. Namibia is the fourth-largest exporter of nonfuel minerals in Africa, the world's fifth-largest producer of uranium, and the producer of large quantities of lead, zinc, tin, silver, and tungsten. The mining sector employs only about 3% of the population while about half of the population depends on subsistence agriculture for its livelihood. Namibia normally imports about 50% of its cereal requirements; in drought years food shortages are a major problem in rural areas. A high per capita GDP, relative to the region, hides one of the world's most unequal income distributions. The Namibian economy is closely linked to South Africa with the Namibian dollar pegged one-to-one to the South African rand. Increased payments from the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) put Namibia's budget into surplus in 2007 for the first time since independence, but SACU payments will decline after 2008 as part of a new revenue sharing formula. Increased fish production and mining of zinc, copper, uranium, and silver spurred growth in 2003-07, but growth in recent years was undercut by poor fish catches and high costs for metal inputs.
Environment
limited natural fresh water resources; desertification; wildlife poaching; land degradation has led to few conservation areas

Cities in Namibia

arandis     aranos     bethanien     eenhana     gobabis     grootfontein     henties bay     karasburg     karibib     katima mulilo     keetmanshoop     khorixas     luderitz     maltahohe     mariental     okahandja     okakarara     omaruru     ondangwa     ongandjera     ongwediva     opuwo     oranjemund     oshakati     oshikango     otavi     otjimbingwe     otjiwarongo     outjo     rehoboth     rundu     swakopmund     tsumeb     usakos     walvis bay     warmbad     windhoek    

National airlines
Air Namibiaairline website


Airports in Namibia
ArandisADI
Ai-AisAIW
BaganiBQI
ErosERS
GrootfonteinGFY
GobabisGOG
HalaliHAL
KarasburgKAS
J.G.H. Van Der WathKMP
LuderitzLUD
RunduNDU
NamutoniNNI
OshakatiOHI
OkaukuejoOKF
OranjemundOMD
OndangwaOND
OpuwaOPW
OtjiwarongoOTJ
SwakopmundSWP
TsumebTSB
Hosea Kutako InternationalWDH
RooikopWVB


Beer in Namibia (0.33l)
Windhoek~ 0.6 EUR
Windhoek~ 0.6 EUR

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