Facts about French-Polynesia
|Population||283,019 (July 2008 est.)|
|Time zone||UTC-10 (5 hours behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)|
Oceania, archipelagoes in the South Pacific Ocean about half way between South America and Australia
General info about French-Polynesia
The French annexed various Polynesian island groups during the 19th century. In September 1995, France stirred up widespread protests by resuming nuclear testing on the Mururoa atoll after a three-year moratorium. The tests were suspended in January 1996. In recent years, French Polynesia's autonomy has been considerably expanded.
French 61.1% (official), Polynesian 31.4% (official), Asian languages 1.2%, other 0.3%, unspecified 6% (2002 census)
Polynesian 78%, Chinese 12%, local French 6%, metropolitan French 4%
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
tropical, but moderate
timber, fish, cobalt, hydropower
Since 1962, when France stationed military personnel in the region, French Polynesia has changed from a subsistence agricultural economy to one in which a high proportion of the work force is either employed by the military or supports the tourist industry. With the halt of French nuclear testing in 1996, the military contribution to the economy fell sharply. Tourism accounts for about one-fourth of GDP and is a primary source of hard currency earnings. Other sources of income are pearl farming and deep-sea commercial fishing. The small manufacturing sector primarily processes agricultural products. The territory benefits substantially from development agreements with France aimed principally at creating new businesses and strengthening social services.
Cities in French-Polynesia