Facts about Tokelau
|Population||1,433 (July 2008 est.)|
|Capital||none; each atoll has its own administrative center
time difference: UTC-11 (6 hours behind Was|
Oceania, group of three atolls in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
General info about Tokelau
Originally settled by Polynesian emigrants from surrounding island groups, the Tokelau Islands were made a British protectorate in 1889. They were transferred to New Zealand administration in 1925. Referenda held in 2006 and 2007 to change the status of the islands from that of a New Zealand territory to one of free association with New Zealand did not meet the needed threshold for approval.
Tokelauan (a Polynesian language), English
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
tropical; moderated by trade winds (April to November)
Tokelau's small size (three villages), isolation, and lack of resources greatly restrain economic development and confine agriculture to the subsistence level. The people rely heavily on aid from New Zealand - about $4 million annually - to maintain public services with annual aid being substantially greater than GDP. The principal sources of revenue come from sales of copra, postage stamps, souvenir coins, and handicrafts. Money is also remitted to families from relatives in New Zealand.
limited natural resources and overcrowding are contributing to emigration to New Zealand
Cities in Tokelau