Facts about Taiwan
|Population||22,920,946 (July 2008 est|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (13 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)|
Eastern Asia, islands bordering the East China Sea, Philippine Sea, South China Sea, and Taiwan Strait, north of the Philippines, off the southeastern coast of China
General info about Taiwan
In 1895, military defeat forced China to cede Taiwan to Japan. Taiwan reverted to Chinese control after World War II. Following the Communist victory on the mainland in 1949, 2 million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and established a government using the 1946 constitution drawn up for all of China. Over the next five decades, the ruling authorities gradually democratized and incorporated the local population within the governing structure. In 2000, Taiwan underwent its first peaceful transfer of power from the Nationalist to the Democratic Progressive Party. Throughout this period, the island prospered and became one of East Asia's economic "Tigers." The dominant political issues continue to be the relationship between Taiwan and China - specifically the question of eventual unification - as well as domestic political and economic reform.
Mandarin Chinese (official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects
What about drugs?
regional transit point for heroin, methamphetamine, and precursor chemicals; transshipment point for drugs to Japan; major problem with domestic consumption of methamphetamine and heroin; rising problems with use of ketamine and club drugs
Taiwanese (including Hakka) 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, indigenous 2%
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
tropical; marine; rainy season during southwest monsoon (June to August); cloudiness is persistent and extensive all year
small deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, and asbestos
Taiwan has a dynamic capitalist economy with gradually decreasing guidance of investment and foreign trade by the authorities. In keeping with this trend, some large, state-owned banks and industrial firms have been privatized. Exports have provided the primary impetus for industrialization. The island runs a large trade surplus, and its foreign reserves are among the world's largest. Recently opened cross-strait travel, transportation, and tourism links are likely to increase Taiwan's economic interdependence on China, which has overtaken the US to become Taiwan's largest export market and its second-largest source of imports after Japan. China is also the island's number one destination for foreign direct investment. Growth fell below 2% in 2008 because of the global slowdown.
air pollution; water pollution from industrial emissions, raw sewage; contamination of drinking water supplies; trade in endangered species; low-level radioactive waste disposal
Cities in Taiwanchaochou chengkung chiali chichi chihu chingshui chishan cholan chunan chungho chupei chushan chutung erhlin fengshan homei houlung hsichih hsilo hsinchu hsinhua hsinpu hsintien hsinying huwei ilan juifang kangshan kaohsiung keelung kuanhsi kuanshan lotung luchou lukang makung matou meinung miaoli nantou paiho panchiao pate peikang peitou pingchen pingtung potzu puli putai sanchung sanhsia shalu shulin suao tachi tachia taichung tainan taipao taipei taitung tali talin tanshui taoyuan tienchung toucheng toufen touliu tounan tsaotun tucheng tuku tunghsiao tungkang wuchi yangmei yingko yuanli yuanlin yuli yungho yungkang