Facts about Croatia
|Population||4,491,543 (July 2008 est.|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begin|
Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia
General info about Croatia
The lands that today comprise Croatia were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the close of World War I. In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Yugoslavia became a federal independent Communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO. Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Croatian lands. Under UN supervision, the last Serb-held enclave in eastern Slavonia was returned to Croatia in 1998.
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
Croatian 96.1%, Serbian 1%, other and undesignated 2.9% (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and German) (2001 census)
What about drugs?
transit point along the Balkan route for Southwest Asian heroin to Western Europe; has been used as a transit point for maritime shipments of South American cocaine bound for Western Europe
Croat 89.6%, Serb 4.5%, other 5.9% (including Bosniak, Hungarian, Slovene, Czech, and Roma) (2001 census)
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
less than 0.1% (2001 est.)
Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast
oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower
Once one of the wealthiest of the Yugoslav republics, Croatia's economy suffered badly during the 1991-95 war as output collapsed and the country missed the early waves of investment in Central and Eastern Europe that followed the fall of the Berlin Wall. Since 2000, however, Croatia's economic fortunes have begun to improve slowly, with moderate but steady GDP growth between 4% and 6% led by a rebound in tourism and credit-driven consumer spending. Inflation over the same period has remained tame and the currency, the kuna, stable. Nevertheless, difficult problems still remain, including a stubbornly high unemployment rate, a growing trade deficit and uneven regional development. The state retains a large role in the economy, as privatization efforts often meet stiff public and political resistance. While macroeconomic stabilization has largely been achieved, structural reforms lag because of deep resistance on the part of the public and lack of strong support from politicians. The EU accession process should accelerate fiscal and structural reform.
air pollution (from metallurgical plants) and resulting acid rain is damaging the forests; coastal pollution from industrial and domestic waste; landmine removal and reconstruction of infrastructure consequent to 1992-95 civil strife
Cities in Croatiabeli manastir biograd na moru bjelovar buje cakovec dubrovnik gospic gracac karlovac knin koprivnica korcula krapina krizevci krk kutina makarska metkovic nasice nova gradiska novska ogulin omis opatija osijek pag petrinja porec pozega pula rab rijeka rovinj senj sesvete sibenik sinj sisak slatina slavonski brod solin split trogir varazdin velika gorica vinkovci virovitica vukovar zadar zagreb zapresic zupanja