GUYANA

Information about travelling to Guyana

Guyana is located in Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela

Facts about Guyana
Population770,794 note: estim
CapitalGeorgetown
Time zoneUTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Location Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela

General info about Guyana
Originally a Dutch colony in the 17th century, by 1815 Guyana had become a British possession. The abolition of slavery led to black settlement of urban areas and the importation of indentured servants from India to work the sugar plantations. This ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics. Guyana achieved independence from the UK in 1966, and since then it has been ruled mostly by socialist-oriented governments. In 1992, Cheddi JAGAN was elected president in what is considered the country's first free and fair election since independence. After his death five years later, his wife, Janet JAGAN, became president but resigned in 1999 due to poor health. Her successor, Bharrat JAGDEO, was reelected in 2001 and again in 2006.
Disease threats
degree of risk: high food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis
Languages spoken
English, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Urdu
What about drugs?
transshipment point for narcotics from South America - primarily Venezuela - to Europe and the US; producer of cannabis; rising money laundering related to drug trafficking and human smuggling
Ethnic division
East Indian 43.5%, black (African) 30.2%, mixed 16.7%, Amerindian 9.1%, other 0.5% (2002 census)
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
2.5% (2003 est.)
Climate
tropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (May to August, November to January)
Resources
bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish
Economy
The Guyanese economy exhibited moderate economic growth in recent years and is based largely on agriculture and extractive industries. The economy is heavily dependent upon the export of six commodities - sugar, gold, bauxite, shrimp, timber, and rice - which represent nearly 60% of the country's GDP and are highly susceptible to adverse weather conditions and fluctuations in commodity prices. Economic recovery since the 2005 flood-related contraction has been buoyed by increases in remittances and foreign direct investment in the sugar and rice industries as well as the mining sector. The bauxite mining sector should benefit in the near term from restructuring and partial privatization, and the state-owned sugar industry will conduct efficiency increasing modernizations. Export earnings from agriculture and mining have fallen sharply, while the import bill has risen, driven by higher energy prices. Chronic problems include a shortage of skilled labor and a deficient infrastructure. The government is juggling a sizable external debt against the urgent need for expanded public investment. In March 2007, the Inter-American Development Bank, Guyana's principal donor, canceled Guyana's nearly $470 million debt, equivalent to nearly 48% of GDP, which along with other Highly Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) debt forgiveness brought the debt-to-GDP ratio down from 183% in 2006 to 120% in 2007. Guyana became heavily indebted as a result of the inward-looking, state-led development model pursued in the 1970s and 1980s. Guyana's entrance into the Caricom Single Market and Economy (CSME) in January 2006 has broadened the country's export market, primarily in the raw materials sector.
Environment
water pollution from sewage and agricultural and industrial chemicals; deforestation

Cities in Guyana

bartica     fort wellington     georgetown     ituni     lethem     linden     mabaruma     mahaicony     new amsterdam     rosignol     skeldon     vreed en hoop    


Airports in Guyana
AishaltonAHL
BaramitaBMJ
EkerekuEKE
Cheddi Jagan InternationalGEO
BarticaGFO
ImbaimadaiIMB
KamarangKAR
KarasabaiKRG
KaranamboKRM
KatoKTO
LethemLTM
MahdiaMHA
Matthews RidgeMWJ
Monkey MountainMYM
AnnaiNAI
OrinduikORJ
PipillipaiPIQ
Port KaitumaPKM
ParuimaPRR
SkeldonSKM
MabarumaUSI


Beer in Guyana (0.33l)
Georgetown~ 0.8 EUR
Georgetown~ 0.8 EUR

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