PERU

Information about travelling to Peru

Peru is located in Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador

Facts about Peru
Population29,180,900 (July 2008 est
CapitalLima
Time zoneUTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Location Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador

General info about Peru
Ancient Peru was the seat of several prominent Andean civilizations, most notably that of the Incas whose empire was captured by the Spanish conquistadors in 1533. Peruvian independence was declared in 1821, and remaining Spanish forces defeated in 1824. After a dozen years of military rule, Peru returned to democratic leadership in 1980, but experienced economic problems and the growth of a violent insurgency. President Alberto FUJIMORI's election in 1990 ushered in a decade that saw a dramatic turnaround in the economy and significant progress in curtailing guerrilla activity. Nevertheless, the president's increasing reliance on authoritarian measures and an economic slump in the late 1990s generated mounting dissatisfaction with his regime, which led to his ouster in 2000. A caretaker government oversaw new elections in the spring of 2001, which ushered in Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique as the new head of government - Peru's first democratically elected president of Native American ethnicity. The presidential election of 2006 saw the return of Alan GARCIA Perez who, after a disappointing presidential term from 1985 to 1990, returned to the presidency with promises to improve social conditions and maintain fiscal responsibility.
Disease threats
degree of risk: very high food or waterborne diseases: bacterial, hepatitis A, and typhoid fev
Languages spoken
Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara, and a large number of minor Amazonian languages
What about drugs?
until 1996 the world's largest coca leaf producer, Peru is now the world's second largest producer of coca leaf, though it lags far behind Colombia; cultivation of coca in Peru declined to 36,000 hectares in 2007; second largest producer of cocaine, estimated at 210 metric tons of potential pure cocaine in 2007; finished cocaine is shipped out from Pacific ports to the international drug market; increasing amounts of base and finished cocaine, however, are being moved to Brazil, Chile, Argentina, and Bolivia for use in the Southern Cone or transshipment to Europe and Africa; increasing domestic drug consumption
Ethnic division
Amerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
0.5% (2003 est.)
Climate
varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west; temperate to frigid in Andes
Resources
copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas
Economy
Peru's economy reflects its varied geography - an arid coastal region, the Andes further inland, and tropical lands bordering Colombia and Brazil. Abundant mineral resources are found in the mountainous areas, and Peru's coastal waters provide excellent fishing grounds. The Peruvian economy grew by more than 4% per year during the period 2002-06, with a stable exchange rate and low inflation. Growth jumped to 9% per year in 2007 and 2008, driven by higher world prices for minerals and metals and the government's aggressive trade liberalization strategies. Peru's rapid expansion has helped to reduce the national poverty rate by about 15% since 2002, though underemployment and inflation remain high. Despite Peru's strong macroeconomic performance, overdependence on minerals and metals subjects the economy to fluctuations in world prices, and poor infrastructure precludes the spread of growth to Peru's non-coastal areas.
Environment
deforestation (some the result of illegal logging); overgrazing of the slopes of the costa and sierra leading to soil erosion; desertification; air pollution in Lima; pollution of rivers and coastal waters from municipal and mining wastes

Cities in Peru

abancay     acari     acobamba     acolla     aguas verdes     ambo     andahuaylas     anta     arequipa     ascope     ayabaca     ayacucho     ayaviri     ayna     azangaro     bagua grande     bambamarca     barranca     bellavista     bernal     buenos aires     cajabamba     cajamarca     cajaruro     calca     caleta de carquin     camana     campoverde     caraz     carhuamayo     carhuaz     cascas     casma     catacaos     celendin     cerro de pasco     chachapoyas     chancay     chaupimarca     chazuta     chepen     chicama     chicla     chiclayo     chilca     chimbote     chincha alta     chivay     chocope     chongoyape     chosica     chota     chulucanas     chupaca     cocachacra     colan     concepcion     contamana     coracora     corrales     cusco     cutervo     desaguadero     el alto     eten     ferrenafe     guadalupe     huacho     huallanca     hualmay     huamachuco     huancabamba     huancavelica     huancayo     huanta     huanuco     huaral     huaraz     huari     huarmey     huasahuasi     huaura     huayucachi     huicungo     iberia     ica     ilabaya     ilave     illimo     ilo     imperial     iquitos     jaen     jauja     jayanca     jepelacio     juanjui     juli     juliaca     junin     la arena     la brea     la huaca     la oroya     la peca     la union     lagunas     lamas     lambayeque     lampa     laredo     las lomas     lima     lircay     llata     lluta     los aquijes     macusani     mala     mancora     marcavelica     marcona     matucana     mazamari     moche     mochumi     mollendo     monsefu     moquegua     morococha     morrope     morropon     motupe     moyobamba     nauta     nazca     nicolas de pierola     nuevo imperial     nunoa     olmos     orcopampa     orcotuna     oropesa     otuzco     oxapampa     oyon     oyotun     pacanga     pacasmayo     pacocha     paijan     paita     palpa     pampas     pangoa     papayal     paramonga     pativilca     paucartambo     perene     picota     picsi     pilcomayo     pimentel     pisco     piura     pomabamba     pucallpa     pucara     pueblo nuevo     puerto maldonado     puno     punta de bombon     puquio     putina     querecotillo     quilmana     quiruvilca     ramon castilla     reque     requena     ricardo palma     rio grande     rioja     salas     salaverry     salitral     san agustin     san clemente     san ignacio     san jeronimo     san jeronimo de tunan     san jose     san jose de sisa     san juan bautista     san luis     san miguel     san miguel de cauri     san pedro de cajas     san pedro de lloc     san ramon     san vicente de canete     sana     santa     santa ana     santa eulalia     santa lucia     santa maria     santa rosa     santiago     santiago de cao     santiago de chuco     santo tomas     saposoa     saquena     satipo     sauce     sayan     sechura     sicaya     sicuani     soritor     subtanjalla     sullana     supe     tabalosos     tacna     talara     talavera     tamarindo     tambo     tambo grande     tambopata     tarata     tarma     tingo maria     tinyahuarco     tocache     torata     trujillo     tucume     tumbes     uchiza     urcos     urubamba     vegueta     vice     vichayal     villa rica     viru     vista alegre     yanacancha     yanahuanca     yauya     yungay     yunguyo     yura     yurimaguas     zarumilla     zorritos    


Airports in Peru
AlertaALD
AndahuaylasANS
Rodriguez Ballon International AirportAQP
AntaATA
YanamillaAYP
BellavistaBLP
ChachapoyasCHH
ChimboteCHM
Cornel RuizCIX
CajamarcaCJA
Velazco AsteteCUZ
HuanucoHUU
IberiaIBP
IloILQ
C.F. SecadaIQT
JaujaJAU
JuanjuiJJI
JuliacaJUL
J Chavez InternationalLIM
MoyobambaMBP
Capitan RoldenPCL
Puerto MaldonadoPEM
PiscoPIO
PiuraPIU
RiojaRIJ
San JuanSJA
Santa MariaSMG
SaposoaSQU
ShiringayocSYC
TumbesTBP
TacnaTCQ
Tingo MariaTGI
TarapotoTPP
TrujilloTRU
TalaraTYL
YurimaguasYMS


Beer in Peru (0.33l)
Chiclayo~ 0.7 EUR
Cusco~ 0.6 EUR
Lima~ 0.6 EUR
Máncora~ 0.6 EUR
Puerto Maldonado~ 1.2 EUR
TRUJILLO~ 0.4 EUR

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