AUSTRALIA

Information about travelling to Australia

Australia is located in Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean

Facts about Australia
Population21,007,310 (July 2008 est
CapitalCanberra
Time zoneUTC+10 (15 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, beg
Location Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean

General info about Australia
Aboriginal settlers arrived on the continent from Southeast Asia about 40,000 years before the first Europeans began exploration in the 17th century. No formal territorial claims were made until 1770, when Capt. James COOK took possession in the name of Great Britain. Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. The new country took advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the British effort in World Wars I and II. In recent decades, Australia has transformed itself into an internationally competitive, advanced market economy. It boasted one of the OECD's fastest growing economies during the 1990s, a performance due in large part to economic reforms adopted in the 1980s. Long-term concerns include climate-change issues such as the depletion of the ozone layer and more frequent droughts, and management and conservation of coastal areas, especially the Great Barrier Reef.
Languages spoken
English 79.1%, Chinese 2.1%, Italian 1.9%, other 11.1%, unspecified 5.8% (2001 Census)
What about drugs?
Tasmania is one of the world's major suppliers of licit opiate products; government maintains strict controls over areas of opium poppy cultivation and output of poppy straw concentrate; major consumer of cocaine and amphetamines
Ethnic division
white 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1%
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
0.1% (2003 est.)
Climate
generally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north
Resources
bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, petroleum note: Australia is the world's largest net exporter of coal accounting for 29% of global coal exports
Economy
Australia has an enviable, strong economy with a per capita GDP on par with the four dominant West European economies. Emphasis on reforms, low inflation, a housing market boom, and growing ties with China have been key factors over the course of the economy's 17 solid years of expansion. Robust business and consumer confidence and high export prices for raw materials and agricultural products fueled the economy in recent years, particularly in mining states. Drought, robust import demand, and a strong currency pushed the trade deficit up however, while infrastructure bottlenecks and a tight labor market constrained growth in export volumes and stoked inflation through mid-2008. The unwinding of the yen-based carry trade in late 2008 has contributed to a weakening of the Australian dollar. Tight global liquidity has challenged Australia's banking sector, which relies heavily on international wholesale markets for funding. The economy remains relatively healthy despite falling export commodity prices. The government plans to counter slowing growth in 2009 with fiscal stimulus efforts.
Environment
soil erosion from overgrazing, industrial development, urbanization, and poor farming practices; soil salinity rising due to the use of poor quality water; desertification; clearing for agricultural purposes threatens the natural habitat of many unique animal and plant species; the Great Barrier Reef off the northeast coast, the largest coral reef in the world, is threatened by increased shipping and its popularity as a tourist site; limited natural fresh water resources

Cities in Australia

adelaide     albany     albury     alice springs     alyangula     ararat     armidale     atherton     australind     ayr     bairnsdale     ballarat     ballina     batemans bay     benalla     bendigo     biloela     blackwater     bongaree     bowen     bowral     brisbane     broken hill     broome     buderim     bunbury     bundaberg     burnie     burpengary     busselton     byron bay     caboolture     cairns     caloundra     canberra     carnarvon     casino     castlemaine     cessnock     charters towers     clifton springs     coffs harbour     colac     collie     coolum beach     cooma     cootamundra     corowa     cowra     craigieburn     cranbourne     crib point     dalby     darwin     deception bay     deniliquin     devonport     dubbo     emerald     esperance     forbes     gatton     gawler     geelong     geraldton     gladstone     gold coast     goulburn     grafton     griffith     gunnedah     gympie     hamilton     hastings     healesville     hobart     horsham     ingham     innisfail     inverell     katherine     kempsey     kiama     kingaroy     kununurra     kurri kurri     kwinana     kyabram     lakes entrance     lara     launceston     leeton     leopold     lismore     lithgow     mackay     mandurah     maningrida     mareeba     maryborough     medowie     melbourne     melton     mildura     mittagong     morayfield     moree     morwell     moss vale     mount barker     mount gambier     mount isa     mudgee     murray bridge     murwillumbah     muswellbrook     nambour     nambucca heads     narrabri     nelson bay     nerang     new norfolk     newcastle     nhulunbuy     northam     orange     pakenham     palmerston     parkes     perth     port augusta     port hedland     port keats     port lincoln     port macquarie     port pirie     portland     queanbeyan     raymond terrace     rockhampton     roebourne     roma     sale     sawtell     singleton     somerville     stawell     sunbury     swan hill     sydney     tamworth     taree     tennant creek     toowoomba     torquay     townsville     traralgon     tumut     ulladulla     ulverstone     victor harbor     victoria point     wagga wagga     wangaratta     warragul     warrnambool     warwick     wellington     whyalla     wodonga     wollongong     wonthaggi     yeppoon     young    

National airlines
Air Pacific -Australia/Fiji  airline website
Airnorth   airline website
Quantas Airways   airline website
Skywestairline website


Airports in Australia
AlphaABH
BamagaABM
AlburyABX
Adelaide International AirportADL
AgnewAGW
AlbanyALH
AmataAMT
ArmidaleARM
AraratARY
Alice SpringsASP
AvalonAVV
Alton DownsAWN
AramacAXC
AyrAYR
Big BellBBE
BarcaldineBCI
BolwarraBCK
BundabergBDB
BelmontBEO
BedourieBEU
BloomfieldBFC
Broken HillBHQ
RaglanBHS
BulimbaBIP
BlackallBKQ
BenallaBLN
BollonBLS
BlackwaterBLT
BroomeBME
InternationalBNE
BallinaBNK
BorroloolaBOX
BouliaBQL
BrightBRJ
BourkeBRK
BairnsdaleBSJ
BetootaBTX
BurketownBUC
BunburyBUY
BirdsvilleBVI
BrewarrinaBWQ
Burnie WynyardBWT
BankstownBWU
BendigoBXG
BalranaldBZD
CobarCAZ
Cape Barren IslandCBI
CanberraCBR
CondobolinCBX
ChinchillaCCL
CowellCCW
CroydonCDQ
CamdenCDU
CedunaCED
CessnockCES
Coffs HarbourCFS
CollieCIE
CoolahCLH
CunnamullaCMA
CootamundraCMD
CamoowealCML
ClermontCMQ
CoonambleCNB
CloncurryCNJ
CairnsCNS
CoonabarabranCOJ
Coober PedyCPD
CollarenebriCRB
CoorabieCRJ
CasinoCSI
CharlevilleCTL
CooktownCTN
CaloundraCUD
CudalCUG
CoenCUQ
CueCUY
CleveCVC
CarnarvonCVQ
CowraCWT
CorowaCWW
Charters TowersCXT
CorryongCYG
DubboDBO
DalbyDBY
MudgeeDGE
DenhamDNM
DeniliquinDNQ
DongaraDOX
DevonportDPO
DerbyDRB
DirranbandiDRN
DarwinDRW
DixieDXD
DysartDYA
Daly WatersDYW
EchucaECH
EinasleighEIH
EmeraldEMD
EsperanceEPR
EuclaEUC
Evans HeadEVH
FinkeFIK
Fitzroy CrossingFIZ
Falls CreekFLC
FinleyFLY
ForrestFOS
ForsterFOT
ForbesFRB
GayndahGAH
Goulburn IslandGBL
George TownGEE
GeraldtonGET
GeelongGEX
GrenfellGFE
GriffithGFF
GraftonGFN
Glen InnesGLI
GlenormistonGLM
GladstoneGLT
GoldsworthyGLY
GoondiwindiGOO
GosfordGOS
NhulunbuyGOV
Gascoyne JunctionGSC
GeorgetownGTT
GunnedahGUH
GoulburnGUL
GreenvaleGVP
ArgyleGYL
GympieGYP
HobartHBA
Halls CreekHCQ
HughendenHGD
HighburyHIG
HillsideHLL
HamiltonHLT
HelenvaleHLV
HorshamHSM
HopetounHTU
Wilpena PoundHWK
HayHXX
InnisfailIFL
InghamIGH
InkermanIKP
InjuneINJ
InnaminckaINM
Mount IsaISA
IsisfordISI
InverellIVR
Julia CreekJCK
HeliportJFM
JundahJUN
City HeliportKAH
KalbarriKAX
Streaky BayKBY
CollinsvilleKCE
KambaldaKDB
KingscoteKGC
KalgoorlieKGI
KingaroyKGY
KatanningKNI
KununurraKNX
KalpowarKPP
KempseyKPS
KoonibbaKQB
KerangKRA
KarumbaKRB
SpringvaleKSV
TindalKTR
KowanyamaKWM
Palm Beach SPBLBH
LearmonthLEA
Leigh CreekLGH
Lightning RidgeLHG
ChillagoeLLG
LeonoraLNO
LockLOC
LongreachLRE
LauncestonLST
LismoreLSY
LatrobeLTB
LyndhurstLTP
LauraLUU
LavertonLVO
Marble BarMBB
MaryboroughMBH
MoorabbinMBW
EssendonMEB
TullamarineMEL
Mount GambierMGB
MerimbulaMIM
MinnipaMIN
Shark BayMJK
ManjimupMJP
MeekatharraMKR
MackayMKY
MillicentMLR
Mount MagnetMMG
ManingridaMNG
MontoMNQ
MilduraMQL
Margaret RiverMQZ
MareebaMRG
MoreeMRZ
MaitlandMTL
MitchellMTQ
MacksvilleMVH
MorawaMWB
MullewaMXU
MoruyaMYA
NarrabriNAA
NaracoorteNAC
Nambucca HeadsNBH
NambourNBR
SandstoneNDS
YoungNGA
NullagineNLL
NicholsonNLS
NowraNOA
NapperbyNPP
NarranderaNRA
NarroginNRG
NewryNRY
NoosaNSA
NorsemanNSM
SconeNSO
NoosavilleNSV
WilliamtownNTL
NormantonNTN
NumbulwarNUB
NynganNYN
SpringhillOAG
ObanOBA
OodnadattaODD
OakeyOKY
MorningtonONG
OnslowONS
CoolangattaOOL
CoomaOOM
YorketownORR
OuyenOYN
PenneshawPEA
PerthPER
PenongPEY
Port HedlandPHE
ParkesPKE
Port KeatsPKT
Port LincolnPLO
Port PiriePPI
ProserpinePPP
Port MacquariePQQ
Port DouglasPTI
PortlandPTJ
Port AugustaPUG
OrbostRBS
RoebourneRBU
RichmondRCM
American RiverRCN
RokebyRKY
RomaRMA
RenmarkRMK
RockhamptonROK
MarreeRRE
Au-Rose BayRSE
Spring CreekSCG
Surfers ParadiseSFP
SouthportSHQ
SheppartonSHT
SmithtonSIO
SingletonSIX
StanthorpeSNH
Southern CrossSQC
SandringhamSRM
StrahanSRN
StrathmoreSTH
StawellSWC
Swan HillSWH
Sydney WestSWZ
SaleSXE
Kingsford SmithSYD
TangaloomaTAN
TarcoolaTAQ
TablelandTBL
Tennant CreekTCA
TocumwalTCW
TheodoreTDR
TemoraTEM
La Trobe RegionalTGN
ThangoolTHG
Turkey CreekTKY
TamworthTMW
TareeTRO
TownsvilleTSV
TumutTUM
ToowoombaTWB
TewantinTWN
TibooburraTYB
QueenstownUEE
QuirindiUIR
QuilpieULP
WoomeraUMR
MuttaburraUTB
WauchopeWAU
WarwickWAZ
WondaiWDI
WeipaWEI
Wee WaaWEW
Forrest HillWGA
WalgettWGE
WangarattaWGT
WelshpoolWHL
WintonWIN
WilcanniaWIO
WarracknabealWKB
WallalWLA
WalchaWLC
WaterlooWLO
WarrnamboolWMB
WindorahWNR
WollongongWOL
WudinnaWUD
WilunaWUN
West WyalongWWY
WhyallaWYA
WyndhamWYN
ColacXCO
MallacootaXMC
MinlatonXML
ThargomindahXTG
TaroomXTO
TaraXTR
YalgooYLG
YandiYNN
YuendumuYUE
BiloelaZBL
BowenZBO
NewmanZNE
SpringvaleZVG


Beer in Australia (0.33l)
Adelaide~ 1.7 EUR
Adelaide~ 1.7 EUR
Alice Springs~ 1.1 EUR
Alice Springs~ 1.1 EUR
Armidale~ 1.1 EUR
Ballarat~ 1.8 EUR
Brisbane~ 1.9 EUR
Brisbane~ 1.9 EUR
BRISBANE~ 1.9 EUR
Cairns~ 1.7 EUR
Canberra~ 1.4 EUR
Canberra~ 1.4 EUR
Darwin~ 1.9 EUR
Goulburn~ 2.3 EUR
Hobart~ 1.9 EUR
Hornsby~ 2.1 EUR
Katoomba~ 1.6 EUR
Launceston~ 1.8 EUR
Mandurah~ 2.9 EUR
Melbourne~ 2.3 EUR
Melbourne~ 2.3 EUR
MElbourne~ 2.3 EUR
Newcastle~ 1.9 EUR
North Sydney~ 3.1 EUR
Nowra~ 1 EUR
Parramatta~ 1.9 EUR
Perth~ 2.9 EUR
Perth~ 2.9 EUR
Port Augusta~ 1.6 EUR
Rockhampton~ 1.5 EUR
Sydney~ 1.9 EUR
Sydney~ 1.9 EUR
Wollongong~ 1 EUR

Explore countries around the world