Facts about Greenland
|Population||57,564 (July 2008 est.)|
|Time zone||UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begin|
Northern North America, island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada
General info about Greenland
Greenland, the world's largest island, is about 81% ice-capped. Vikings reached the island in the 10th century from Iceland; Danish colonization began in the 18th century, and Greenland was made an integral part of Denmark in 1953. It joined the European Community (now the EU) with Denmark in 1973, but withdrew in 1985 over a dispute centered on stringent fishing quotas. Greenland was granted self-government in 1979 by the Danish parliament; the law went into effect the following year. Greenland voted in favor of increased self-rule in November 2008, although Denmark continues to exercise control of Greenland's foreign affairs in consultation with Greenland's Home Rule Government.
Greenlandic (East Inuit), Danish, English
Greenlander 88% (Inuit and Greenland-born whites), Danish and others 12% (2000)
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
arctic to subarctic; cool summers, cold winters
coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, molybdenum, diamonds, gold, platinum, niobium, tantalite, uranium, fish, seals, whales, hydropower, possible oil and gas
The economy remains critically dependent on exports of fish and a substantial subsidy from the Danish Government, which supplies about half of government revenues. The public sector, including publicly-owned enterprises and the municipalities, plays the dominant role in the economy. Several interesting hydrocarbon and mineral exploration activities are ongoing and in 2007 a US firm signed an agreement with the Greenland Home Rule government to study the feasibility of building a multi-billion dollar aluminum smelter and hydropower plant.
protection of the arctic environment; preservation of the Inuit traditional way of life, including whaling and seal hunting
Cities in Greenlandaappilattoq aasiaat akunnaaq alluitsup paa ammassivik arsuk atammik attu igaliku iginniarfik ikamiut ikerasaarsuk ikerasak ilimanaq illoqqortoormiut illorsuit ilulissat isortoq itilleq itterajivit ivittuut kangaamiut kangaatsiaq kangersuatsiaq kapisillit kullorsuaq kulusuk maarmorilik maniitsoq moriusaq nanortalik napasoq narsaq narsaq kujalleq narsarsuaq neriunaq niaqornaarsuk niaqornat nuugaatsiaq nuuk paamiut qaanaaq qaarsut qallimiut qaqortoq qasigiannguit qassiarsuk qassimiut qeqertaq qeqertarsuatsiaat qeqertat saarloq saattut saqqaq sarfannguit savissivik sermiligaaq siorapaluk sisimiut tasiilaq tasiusaq timerliit tiniteqilaaq ukkusissat upernaviarsuk upernavik upernavik kujalleq