Facts about Uganda
|Time zone||UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)|
Eastern Africa, west of Kenya
General info about Uganda
The colonial boundaries created by Britain to delimit Uganda grouped together a wide range of ethnic groups with different political systems and cultures. These differences prevented the establishment of a working political community after independence was achieved in 1962. The dictatorial regime of Idi AMIN (1971-79) was responsible for the deaths of some 300,000 opponents; guerrilla war and human rights abuses under Milton OBOTE (1980-85) claimed at least another 100,000 lives. The rule of Yoweri MUSEVENI since 1986 has brought relative stability and economic growth to Uganda. During the 1990s, the government promulgated non-party presidential and legislative elections.
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and ty
English (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications in the capit
Baganda 16.9%, Banyakole 9.5%, Basoga 8.4%, Bakiga 6.9%, Iteso 6.4%, Langi 6.1%, Acholi 4.7%, Bagisu 4.6%, Lugbara 4.2%, Bunyoro 2.7%, other 29.6% (2002 census)
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
4.1% (2003 est.)
tropical; generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August); semiarid in northeast
copper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, arable land
Uganda has substantial natural resources, including fertile soils, regular rainfall, and sizable mineral deposits of copper, cobalt, gold, and other minerals. Agriculture is the most important sector of the economy, employing over 80% of the work force. Coffee accounts for the bulk of export revenues. Since 1986, the government - with the support of foreign countries and international agencies - has acted to rehabilitate and stabilize the economy by undertaking currency reform, raising producer prices on export crops, increasing prices of petroleum products, and improving civil service wages. The policy changes are especially aimed at dampening inflation and boosting production and export earnings. During 1990-2001, the economy turned in a solid performance based on continued investment in the rehabilitation of infrastructure, improved incentives for production and exports, reduced inflation, gradually improved domestic security, and the return of exiled Indian-Ugandan entrepreneurs. Growth continues to be solid, despite variability in the price of coffee, Uganda's principal export, and a consistent upturn in Uganda's export markets. In 2000, Uganda qualified for enhanced Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) debt relief worth $1.3 billion and Paris Club debt relief worth $145 million. These amounts combined with the original HIPC debt relief added up to about $2 billion.
draining of wetlands for agricultural use; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; water hyacinth infestation in Lake Victoria; widespread poaching
Cities in Ugandaadjumani amudat apac arua bombo bugembe bugiri bundibugyo busembatia bushenyi busia buwenge bweyogerere entebbe fort portal gulu hima hoima ibanda iganga jinja kaabong kabale kaberamaido kagadi kajansi kalangala kampala kamuli kamwenge kanungu kapchorwa kasese katakwi kayunga kiboga kigorobya kilembe kireka kisoro kitgum koboko kotido kumi kyenjojo kyotera lira lugazi lukaya luwero lyantonde masaka masindi mayuge mbale mbarara mityana moroto moyo mpigi mubende muhororo mukono nakapiripirit nakasongola namasuba nebbi ngora njeru ntungamo paidha pakwach pallisa rakai sembabule sironko soroti tororo wakiso wobulenzi yumbe