Nicaragua

NICARAGUA

Information about travelling to Nicaragua

Nicaragua is located in Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras

Facts about Nicaragua
Population5,785,846 (July 2008 est.
CapitalManagua
Time zoneUTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Location Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras

General info about Nicaragua
The Pacific coast of Nicaragua was settled as a Spanish colony from Panama in the early 16th century. Independence from Spain was declared in 1821 and the country became an independent republic in 1838. Britain occupied the Caribbean Coast in the first half of the 19th century, but gradually ceded control of the region in subsequent decades. Violent opposition to governmental manipulation and corruption spread to all classes by 1978 and resulted in a short-lived civil war that brought the Marxist Sandinista guerrillas to power in 1979. Nicaraguan aid to leftist rebels in El Salvador caused the US to sponsor anti-Sandinista contra guerrillas through much of the 1980s. Free elections in 1990, 1996, and 2001, saw the Sandinistas defeated, but voting in 2006 announced the return of former Sandinista President Daniel ORTEGA Saavedra. Nicaragua's infrastructure and economy - hard hit by the earlier civil war and by Hurricane Mitch in 1998 - are slowly being rebuilt.
Disease threats
degree of risk: intermediate food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and
Languages spoken
Spanish 97.5% (official), Miskito 1.7%, other 0.8% (1995 census) note: English and indigenous languages on Atlantic coast
What about drugs?
transshipment point for cocaine destined for the US and transshipment point for arms-for-drugs dealing
Ethnic division
mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 69%, white 17%, black 9%, Amerindian 5%
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
0.2% (2003 est.)
Climate
tropical in lowlands, cooler in highlands
Resources
gold, silver, copper, tungsten, lead, zinc, timber, fish
Economy
Nicaragua has widespread underemployment and the second lowest per capita income in the Western Hemisphere. The US-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) has been in effect since April 2006 and has expanded export opportunities for many agricultural and manufactured goods. Textiles and apparel account for nearly 60% of Nicaragua's exports, however, recent increases in the minimum wage will likely erode its comparative advantage in this industry. Nicaragua relies on international economic assistance to meet internal- and external-debt financing obligations. In early 2004, Nicaragua secured some $4.5 billion in foreign debt reduction under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) initiative, and in October 2007, the IMF approved a new poverty reduction and growth facility (PRGF) program that should create some fiscal space for social spending and investment. The continuity of a relationship with the IMF helps support donor confidence, despite private sector concerns surrounding ORTEGA, which has dampened investment. Economic growth will slow in 2009, due to decreased export demand from the US and Central American markets, lower commodity prices for key agricultural exports, and low remittance growth - remittances account for almost 15% of GDP.
Environment
deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution

Cities in Nicaragua

acoyapa     belen     bluefields     boaco     bocana de paiwas     bonanza     camoapa     chichigalpa     chinandega     ciudad dario     condega     corinto     corn island     diriamba     diriomo     dolores     el jicaro     el sauce     el viejo     esteli     granada     jalapa     jinotega     jinotepe     juigalpa     la concepcion     la paz centro     la trinidad     laguna de perlas     larreynaga     leon     managua     masatepe     masaya     matagalpa     mateare     matiguas     nagarote     nandaime     nandasmo     nindiri     niquinohomo     nueva guinea     ocotal     puerto cabezas     puerto morazan     quilali     rio blanco     rivas     rosita     san carlos     san isidro     san jorge     san juan del sur     san lorenzo     san marcos     san miguelito     san rafael del sur     santa teresa     santo domingo     santo tomas     sebaco     siuna     somotillo     somoto     telica     ticuantepe     tipitapa     villa sandino     waslala     waspan     wiwili    


Airports in Nicaragua
BluefieldsBEF
San PedroBZA
Augusto C SandinoMGA
San CarlosNCR
Nueva GuineaNVG
Puerto CabezasPUZ
RositaRFS
Corn IslandRNI
SiunaSIU
WaspamWSP


Beer in Nicaragua (0.33l)
Granada~ 0.6 EUR
Granada~ 0.6 EUR
Jinotega~ 0.3 EUR
Leˇn~ 0.3 EUR

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