Facts about Lithuania
|3,565,205 (July 2008 est.
|UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begin
Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Latvia and Russia
General info about Lithuania
Lithuanian lands were united under MINDAUGAS in 1236; over the next century, through alliances and conquest, Lithuania extended its territory to include most of present-day Belarus and Ukraine. By the end of the 14th century Lithuania was the largest state in Europe. An alliance with Poland in 1386 led the two countries into a union through the person of a common ruler. In 1569, Lithuania and Poland formally united into a single dual state, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. This entity survived until 1795, when its remnants were partitioned by surrounding countries. Lithuania regained its independence following World War I but was annexed by the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US and many other countries. On 11 March 1990, Lithuania became the first of the Soviet republics to declare its independence, but Moscow did not recognize this proclamation until September of 1991 (following the abortive coup in Moscow). The last Russian troops withdrew in 1993. Lithuania subsequently restructured its economy for integration into Western European institutions; it joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004.
degree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
Lithuanian (official) 82%, Russian 8%, Polish 5.6%, other and unspecified 4.4% (2001 census)
What about drugs?
transshipment and destination point for cannabis, cocaine, ecstasy, and opiates from Southwest Asia, Latin America, Western Europe, and neighboring Baltic countries; growing production of high-quality amphetamines, but limited production of cannabis, methamphetamines; susceptible to money laundering despite changes to banking legislation
Lithuanian 83.4%, Polish 6.7%, Russian 6.3%, other or unspecified 3.6% (2001 census)
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
0.1% (2001 est.)
transitional, between maritime and continental; wet, moderate winters and summers
peat, arable land, amber
Lithuania has grown on average 8% per year over the last four years, driven by exports and domestic consumer demand. Unemployment stood at 4.8% in 2008, while wages continued to grow at double digit rates. The current account deficit rose to roughly 15% of GDP in 2007-08. Lithuania has gained membership in the World Trade Organization and joined the EU in May 2004. Despite Lithuania's EU accession, Lithuania's trade with its Central and Eastern European neighbors, and Russia in particular, accounts for a growing percentage of total trade. Privatization of the large, state-owned utilities is nearly complete. Foreign government and business support have helped in the transition from the old command economy to a market economy.
contamination of soil and groundwater with petroleum products and chemicals at military bases
Cities in Lithuaniaakmene alytus anyksciai ariogala baltoji voke birstonas birzai daugai dotnuva druskininkai dukstas dusetos eisiskes elektrenai ezerelis gargzdai garliava gelgaudiskis grigiskes ignalina jieznas jonava joniskelis joniskis juodupe jurbarkas kacergine kaisiadorys kalvarija kaunas kavarskas kazlu ruda kedainiai kelme klaipeda kretinga kudirkos naumiestis kulautuva kupiskis kursenai kybartai lazdijai lentvaris linkuva marijampole mazeikiai moletai naujamiestis naujoji akmene nemencine neringa obeliai pabirze pabrade pagegiai pakruojis palanga pandelys panemune panevezys pasvalys plunge priekule prienai radviliskis ramygala raseiniai rietavas rokiskis rudiskes rusne sakiai salantai salcininkai seda seduva siauliai silale silute simnas sirvintos skaudvile skuodas smalininkai subacius svencioneliai svencionys taurage telsiai trakai troskunai turmantas tyruliai tytuvenai ukmerge utena uzventis vabalninkas varena varniai veisiejai venta vieksniai vievis vilkaviskis vilkija vilnius virbalis visaginas zagare zarasai zemaiciu naumiestis ziezmariai