Facts about Samoa
|Time zone||UTC-11 (6 hours behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)|
Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and New Zealand
General info about Samoa
New Zealand occupied the German protectorate of Western Samoa at the outbreak of World War I in 1914. It continued to administer the islands as a mandate and then as a trust territory until 1962, when the islands became the first Polynesian nation to reestablish independence in the 20th century. The country dropped the "Western" from its name in 1997.
Samoan (Polynesian), English
Samoan 92.6%, Euronesians (persons of European and Polynesian blood) 7%, Europeans 0.4% (2001 census)
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
tropical; rainy season (November to April), dry season (May to October)
hardwood forests, fish, hydropower
The economy of Samoa has traditionally been dependent on development aid, family remittances from overseas, agriculture, and fishing. The country is vulnerable to devastating storms. Agriculture employs two-thirds of the labor force and furnishes 90% of exports, featuring coconut cream, coconut oil, and copra. The fish catch declined during the El Nino of 2002-03 but returned to normal by mid-2005. The manufacturing sector mainly processes agricultural products. One factory in the Foreign Trade Zone employs 3,000 people to make automobile electrical harnesses for an assembly plant in Australia. Tourism is an expanding sector, accounting for 25% of GDP; 122,000 tourists visited the islands in 2007. The Samoan Government has called for deregulation of the financial sector, encouragement of investment, and continued fiscal discipline, while at the same time protecting the environment. Observers point to the flexibility of the labor market as a basic strength for future economic advances. Foreign reserves are in a relatively healthy state, the external debt is stable, and inflation is low.
soil erosion, deforestation, invasive species, overfishing
Cities in Samoaafega amaile aopo apia asaga auala aufaga avao avata eva fagafau fagamalo faiaai falealupo faleapuna faleatiu falefa falelima faleolo faleula falevai falevao fasitoouta fatuvalu fausaga fogasavaii fogatuli fusi gataivai gautavai iliili lalomalava lalomanu lalomauga lalovi lano leagiagi lelepa lepa letogo letui leulumoega leusoalii levi lona lotofaga lufilufi maasina malie malua manase maninoa manunu matanofo matatufu matautu mulivai musumusu mutiatele nefunefu niusuatia nofoalii paia papa pata patamea piu poutasi puleia saaga saasaai safotu sagone saina saipipi salani saleaaumua saleaula saleia saleilua salelesi salesatele saletele salimu samalaeulu samamea samatau samauga samea samusu sapapalii sapulu sapunaoa sasina satalo satapuala sataua satitoa satoalepai satuiatua sauniatu savaia sili siuniu siupapa siusega siutu solosolo taelefaga tafagamanu tafatafa tafitoala tafua taga tapueleele toamua tuasivi tufulele tufutafoe uafato ulutogia utufaalalafa utulaelae utuloa vaiala vaiee vaigaga vaigalu vailoa vaipouli vaipua vaisala vaitele vaiusu vaotupua vaovai vavau