MADAGASCAR

Information about travelling to Madagascar

Madagascar is located in Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique

Facts about Madagascar
Population20,042,552 (July 2008 est
CapitalAntananarivo
Time zoneUTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Location Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique

General info about Madagascar
Formerly an independent kingdom, Madagascar became a French colony in 1896 but regained independence in 1960. During 1992-93, free presidential and National Assembly elections were held ending 17 years of single-party rule. In 1997, in the second presidential race, Didier RATSIRAKA, the leader during the 1970s and 1980s, was returned to the presidency. The 2001 presidential election was contested between the followers of Didier RATSIRAKA and Marc RAVALOMANANA, nearly causing secession of half of the country. In April 2002, the High Constitutional Court announced RAVALOMANANA the winner. RAVALOMANANA is now in his second term following a landslide victory in the generally free and fair presidential elections of 2006.
Disease threats
degree of risk: very high food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepat
Languages spoken
English (official), French (official), Malagasy (official)
What about drugs?
illicit producer of cannabis (cultivated and wild varieties) used mostly for domestic consumption; transshipment point for heroin
Ethnic division
Malayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo), Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry - Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava), French, Indian, Creole, Comoran
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
1.7% (2003 est.)
Climate
tropical along coast, temperate inland, arid in south
Resources
graphite, chromite, coal, bauxite, salt, quartz, tar sands, semiprecious stones, mica, fish, hydropower
Economy
Having discarded past socialist economic policies, Madagascar has since the mid 1990s followed a World Bank- and IMF-led policy of privatization and liberalization. This strategy placed the country on a slow and steady growth path from an extremely low level. Agriculture, including fishing and forestry, is a mainstay of the economy, accounting for more than one-fourth of GDP and employing 80% of the population. Exports of apparel have boomed in recent years primarily due to duty-free access to the US. Deforestation and erosion, aggravated by the use of firewood as the primary source of fuel, are serious concerns. President RAVALOMANANA has worked aggressively to revive the economy following the 2002 political crisis, which triggered a 12% drop in GDP that year. Poverty reduction and combating corruption will be the centerpieces of economic policy for the next few years.
Environment
soil erosion results from deforestation and overgrazing; desertification; surface water contaminated with raw sewage and other organic wastes; several endangered species of flora and fauna unique to the island

Cities in Madagascar

ambalavao     ambanja     ambatofinandrahana     ambatolampy     ambatondrazaka     ambilobe     amboasary     ambodifototra     ambositra     ambovombe     ampanihy     amparafaravola     andapa     andevoranto     andilamena     anjozorobe     ankazoabo     ankazobe     antalaha     antananarivo     antanifotsy     antsirabe     antsohihy     arivonimamo     bealanana     beloha     beroroha     betafo     betioky     fandriana     farafangana     faratsiho     fenoarivo     fenoarivo atsinanana     fianarantsoa     ifanadiana     ihosy     ikalamavony     ikongo     mahajanga     mahanoro     manakara     mananara     mananjary     manjakandriana     maroantsetra     marolambo     marovoay     miandrivazo     moramanga     morondava     nosy varika     sakaraha     sambava     soanierana ivongo     soavinandriana     taolanaro     toamasina     toliary     tsaratanana     tsihombe     tsiroanomandidy     vangaindrano     vavatenina     vohibinany     vondrozo    

National airlines
Air Madagascarairline website


Airports in Madagascar
AmbatolahyAHY
AmbilobeAMB
AmpanihyAMP
AmbatomaintyAMY
AntsirabatoANM
AntsirabeATJ
BetiokyBKU
BeloBMD
BesalampyBPY
BesakoaBSV
Antsiranana/ArrachartDIE
DoanyDOA
SoalalaDWB
AnalalavaHVA
IhosyIHO
IlakaILK
AmbanjaIVA
AnkavandraJVA
ManjaMJA
AmborovyMJN
MananjaryMNJ
MorondavaMOQ
MorombeMXM
MaintiranoMXT
BekilyOVA
FarafanganaRVA
SambavaSVB
TanandavaTDV
TulearTLE
TamataveTMM
AntananarivoTNR
TsaratananaTTS
MorafenobeTVA
VatomandryVAT
VangaindranoVND
VohemarVOH
MahanoroVVB
AndriamenaWAD
AntsohihyWAI
AnkazoaboWAK
AmbatondrazakaWAM
AntsalovaWAQ
BefandrianaWBD
BealananaWBE
BerorohaWBO
FianarantsoaWFI
MandritsaraWMA
MandabeWMD
MalaimbandyWML
MaroantsetraWMN
MampikonyWMP
MananaraWMR
MadirovaloWMV
MorambaWOR
TambohoranoWTA
TsiroanomandidyWTS
ManakaraWVK
MiandrivazoZVA
AndapaZWA


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