MALI

Information about travelling to Mali

Mali is located in Western Africa, southwest of Algeria

Facts about Mali
Population12,324,029 (July 2008 est
CapitalBamako
Time zoneUTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Location Western Africa, southwest of Algeria

General info about Mali
The Sudanese Republic and Senegal became independent of France in 1960 as the Mali Federation. When Senegal withdrew after only a few months, what formerly made up the Sudanese Republic was renamed Mali. Rule by dictatorship was brought to a close in 1991 by a military coup - led by the current president Amadou TOURE - enabling Mali's emergence as one of the strongest democracies on the continent. President Alpha KONARE won Mali's first democratic presidential election in 1992 and was reelected in 1997. In keeping with Mali's two-term constitutional limit, KONARE stepped down in 2002 and was succeeded by Amadou TOURE, who was subsequently elected to a second term in 2007. The elections were widely judged to be free and fair.
Disease threats
degree of risk: very high food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepat
Languages spoken
French (official), Bambara 80%, numerous African languages
Ethnic division
Mande 50% (Bambara, Malinke, Soninke), Peul 17%, Voltaic 12%, Songhai 6%, Tuareg and Moor 10%, other 5%
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
1.9% (2003 est.)
Climate
subtropical to arid; hot and dry (February to June); rainy, humid, and mild (June to November); cool and dry (November to February)
Resources
gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, gypsum, granite, hydropower note: bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin, and copper deposits are known but not exploited
Economy
Mali is among the poorest countries in the world, with 65% of its land area desert or semidesert and with a highly unequal distribution of income. Economic activity is largely confined to the riverine area irrigated by the Niger. About 10% of the population is nomadic and some 80% of the labor force is engaged in farming and fishing. Industrial activity is concentrated on processing farm commodities. Mali is heavily dependent on foreign aid and vulnerable to fluctuations in world prices for cotton, its main export, along with gold. The government has continued its successful implementation of an IMF-recommended structural adjustment program that is helping the economy grow, diversify, and attract foreign investment. Mali's adherence to economic reform and the 50% devaluation of the CFA franc in January 1994 have pushed up economic growth to a 5% average in 1996-2008. Worker remittances and external trade routes for the landlocked country have been jeopardized by continued unrest in neighboring Cote d'Ivoire.
Environment
deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching

Cities in Mali

araouane     bafoulabe     bamako     banamba     bandiagara     bougouni     dire     djenne     douentza     gao     goundam     kangaba     kati     kayes     kidal     kimparana     kita     kolokani     kolondieba     koulikoro     koutiala     markala     mopti     nara     niono     nioro     san     segou     sikasso     sokolo     taoudenni     tenenkou     tessalit     tombouctou     yorosso    


Airports in Mali
BamakoBKO
YelimaneEYL
GaoGAQ
GoundamGUD
KeniebaKNZ
SikassoKSS
KoutialaKTX
KayesKYS
MoptiMZI
NioroNIX
NaraNRM
SegouSZU
TombouctouTOM


Beer in Mali (0.33l)
Bamako~ 0.7 EUR

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