Facts about Bangladesh
|Population||153,546,896 (July 2008 es|
|Time zone||UTC+6 (11 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)|
Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India
General info about Bangladesh
Europeans began to set up trading posts in the area of Bangladesh in the 16th century; eventually the British came to dominate the region and it became part of British India. In 1947, West Pakistan and East Bengal (both primarily Muslim) separated from India (largely Hindu) and jointly became the new country of Pakistan. East Bengal became East Pakistan in 1955, but the awkward arrangement of a two-part country with its territorial units separated by 1,600 km left the Bengalis marginalized and dissatisfied. East Pakistan seceded from its union with West Pakistan in 1971 and was renamed Bangladesh. A military-backed caretaker regime suspended planned parliamentary elections in January 2007 in an effort to reform the political system and root out corruption; the regime has pledged new democratic elections by the end of 2008. About a third of this extremely poor country floods annually during the monsoon rainy season, hampering economic development.
degree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis
Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), English
What about drugs?
transit country for illegal drugs produced in neighboring countries
Bengali 98%, other 2% (includes tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims) (1998)
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
less than 0.1% (2001 est.)
tropical; mild winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); humid, warm rainy monsoon (June to October)
natural gas, arable land, timber, coal
The economy has grown 5-6% per year since 1996 despite inefficient state-owned enterprises, delays in exploiting natural gas resources, insufficient power supplies, and slow implementation of economic reforms. Bangladesh remains a poor, overpopulated, and inefficiently-governed nation. Although more than half of GDP is generated through the service sector, nearly two-thirds of Bangladeshis are employed in the agriculture sector, with rice as the single-most-important product. Garment exports and remittances from Bangladeshis working overseas, mainly in the Middle East and East Asia, fuel economic growth. In 2008 Bangladesh pursued a monetary policy aimed at maintaining high employment, but created higher inflation in the process.
many people are landless and forced to live on and cultivate flood-prone land; waterborne diseases prevalent in surface water; water pollution, especially of fishing areas, results from the use of commercial pesticides; ground water contaminated by naturally occurring arsenic; intermittent water shortages because of falling water tables in the northern and central parts of the country; soil degradation and erosion; deforestation; severe overpopulation
Cities in Bangladeshabhaynagar badarganj bajitpur bandarban baniachang barisal bera bhairab bazar bhandaria bheramara bhola chandpur char bhadrasan chhagalnaiya chhatak chilmari dhaka dhamrai dinajpur dohar faridpur fatikchhari feni gafargaon gaurnadi gazipur habiganj hajiganj ishurdi jaipur hat jamalpur jhikargachha kalia kaliganj keshabpur khagrachari khulna kishorganj laksham lakshmipur lalmanir hat lalmohan madaripur manikchhari manikganj mathbaria maulvi bazar mehendiganj mirzapur morrelganj muktagachha nabinagar nageshwari nalchiti naral narayanganj narsingdi nawabganj netrakona pabna palang panchagarh parbatipur patiya phultala pirganj pirojpur rajshahi ramganj ramgarh rangpur raozan raypur sakhipur sarankhola sarishabari satkhira sherpur shibganj sirajganj sunamganj teknaf thakurgaon tungi