GUINEA

Information about travelling to Guinea

Guinea is located in Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone

Facts about Guinea
Population9,806,509 (July 2008 est.
CapitalConakry
Time zoneUTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Location Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone

General info about Guinea
Guinea has had a history of authoritarian rule since gaining its independence from France in 1958. Lansana CONTE came to power in 1984 when the military seized the government after the death of the first president, Sekou TOURE. Guinea did not hold democratic elections until 1993 when Gen. CONTE (head of the military government) was elected president of the civilian government. He was reelected in 1998 and again in 2003, though all the polls were marred by irregularities. History repeated itself in December 2008 when following President CONTE's death, Capt. Moussa Dadis CAMARA led a military coup, seizing power and suspending the constitution as well as political and union activity. Guinea has maintained some semblance of internal stability despite spillover effects from conflict in Sierra Leone and Liberia. As those countries have rebuilt, however, Guinea's own vulnerability to political and economic crisis has increased. Declining economic conditions and popular dissatisfaction with corruption and bad governance prompted two massive strikes in 2006, and a third nationwide strike in early 2007.
Disease threats
degree of risk: very high food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepat
Languages spoken
French (official); note - each ethnic group has its own language
Ethnic division
Peuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10%
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
3.2% (2003 est.)
Climate
generally hot and humid; monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November) with southwesterly winds; dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds
Resources
bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish, salt
Economy
Guinea possesses major mineral, hydropower, and agricultural resources, yet remains an underdeveloped nation. The country has almost half of the world's bauxite reserves. The mining sector accounts for over 70% of exports. Long-run improvements in government fiscal arrangements, literacy, and the legal framework are needed if the country is to move out of poverty. Investor confidence has been sapped by rampant corruption, a lack of electricity and other infrastructure, a lack of skilled workers, and the political uncertainty due to the failing health of President Lansana CONTE. Guinea is trying to reengage with the IMF and World Bank, which cut off most assistance in 2003, and is working closely with technical advisors from the U.S. Treasury Department, the World Bank and IMF, seeking to return to a fully funded program. Growth rose slightly in 2006-08, primarily due to increases in global demand and commodity prices on world markets, but the standard of living fell. The Guinea franc depreciated sharply as the prices for basic necessities like food and fuel rose beyond the reach of most Guineans. Dissatisfaction with economic conditions prompted nationwide strikes in February and June 2006.
Environment
deforestation; inadequate supplies of potable water; desertification; soil contamination and erosion; overfishing, overpopulation in forest region; poor mining practices have led to environmental damage

Cities in Guinea

beyla     boffa     boke     conakry     coyah     dabola     dalaba     dinguiraye     dubreka     faranah     forecariah     fria     gaoual     guekedou     kankan     kerouane     kindia     kissidougou     koubia     koundara     kouroussa     labe     lola     macenta     mali     mamou     mandiana     nzerekore     pita     sangueya     siguiri     telimele     tokonou     tondon     tougue     yomou     youkounkoun    


Airports in Guinea
BokeBKJ
ConakryCKY
FaranahFAA
FriaFIG
SiguiriGII
KankanKNN
KissidougouKSI
LabeLEK
MacentaMCA
NzerekoreNZE
SambailoSBI


Beer in Guinea (0.33l)
Conakry~ 0.3 EUR
Sangaredi~ 1.2 EUR

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