MAURITIUS

Information about travelling to Mauritius

Mauritius is located in Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar

Facts about Mauritius
Population1,274,189 (July 2008 est.
CapitalPort Louis
Time zoneUTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Location Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar

General info about Mauritius
Although known to Arab and Malay sailors as early as the 10th century, Mauritius was first explored by the Portuguese in the 16th century and subsequently settled by the Dutch - who named it in honor of Prince Maurits van NASSAU - in the 17th century. The French assumed control in 1715, developing the island into an important naval base overseeing Indian Ocean trade, and establishing a plantation economy of sugar cane. The British captured the island in 1810, during the Napoleonic Wars. Mauritius remained a strategically important British naval base, and later an air station, playing an important role during World War II for anti-submarine and convoy operations, as well as the collection of signals intelligence. Independence from the UK was attained in 1968. A stable democracy with regular free elections and a positive human rights record, the country has attracted considerable foreign investment and has earned one of Africa's highest per capita incomes. Recent poor weather, declining sugar prices, and declining textile and apparel production, have slowed economic growth, leading to some protests over standards of living in the Creole community.
Languages spoken
Creole 80.5%, Bhojpuri 12.1%, French 3.4%, English (official; spoken by less than 1% of the population), other 3.7%, unspecified 0.3% (2000 census)
What about drugs?
consumer and transshipment point for heroin from South Asia; small amounts of cannabis produced and consumed locally; significant offshore financial industry creates potential for money laundering, but corruption levels are relatively low and the government appears generally to be committed to regulating its banking industry
Ethnic division
Indo-Mauritian 68%, Creole 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%, Franco-Mauritian 2%
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
0.1% (2001 est.)
Climate
tropical, modified by southeast trade winds; warm, dry winter (May to November); hot, wet, humid summer (November to May)
Resources
arable land, fish
Economy
Since independence in 1968, Mauritius has developed from a low-income, agriculturally based economy to a middle-income diversified economy with growing industrial, financial, and tourist sectors. For most of the period, annual growth has been in the order of 5% to 6%. This remarkable achievement has been reflected in more equitable income distribution, increased life expectancy, lowered infant mortality, and a much-improved infrastructure. The economy rests on sugar, tourism, textiles and apparel, and financial services, and is expanding into fish processing, information and communications technology, and hospitality and property development. Sugarcane is grown on about 90% of the cultivated land area and accounts for 15% of export earnings. The government's development strategy centers on creating vertical and horizontal clusters of development in these sectors. Mauritius has attracted more than 32,000 offshore entities, many aimed at commerce in India, South Africa, and China. Investment in the banking sector alone has reached over $1 billion. Mauritius, with its strong textile sector, has been well poised to take advantage of the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA).
Environment
water pollution, degradation of coral reefs

Cities in Mauritius

albion     amaury     arsenal     baie du tombeau     bambous     bambous virieux     bananes     beau vallon     bel air     belle vue maurel     bois des amourettes     bon accueil     brisee verdiere     calebasses     camp de masque     camp de masque pave     camp diable     camp ithier     camp thorel     cap malheureux     cascavelle     chamarel     chamouny     chemin grenier     clemencia     cluny     congomah     cottage     creve coeur     curepipe     dagotiere     dubreuil     ecroignard     esperance     esperance trebuchet     flic en flac     fond du sac     goodlands     grand baie     grand bel air     grand bois     grand gaube     grand river south east     grand sable     grande riviere noire     gros cailloux     la gaulette     lalmatie     laventure     le hochet     long mountain     mahebourg     mapou     mare la chaux     melrose     midlands     moka     montagne blanche     new grove     notre dame     nouvelle france     olivia     pailles     petit raffray     petite riviere     piton     plaine magnien     plaines des papayes     port louis     poste de flacq     providence     quartier militaire     quatre bornes     quatre cocos     quatre soeurs     queen victoria     ripailles     riviere des anguilles     riviere du rempart     roche terre     roches noires     rose belle     saint aubin     saint hubert     saint julien     saint pierre     sebastopol     souillac     surinam     tamarin     terre rouge     the vale     triolet     verdun    



Beer in Mauritius (0.33l)
Grand Baie~ 0.7 EUR

Articles about Mauritius
Explore countries around the world