ARMENIA

Information about travelling to Armenia

Armenia is located in Southwestern Asia, east of Turkey

Facts about Armenia
Population2,968,586 (July 2008 est.
CapitalYerevan
Time zoneUTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begin
Location Southwestern Asia, east of Turkey

General info about Armenia
Armenia prides itself on being the first nation to formally adopt Christianity (early 4th century). Despite periods of autonomy, over the centuries Armenia came under the sway of various empires including the Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Persian, and Ottoman. During World War I in the western portion of Armenia, Ottoman Turkey instituted a policy of forced resettlement coupled with other harsh practices that resulted in an estimated 1 million Armenian deaths. The eastern area of Armenia was ceded by the Ottomans to Russia in 1828; this portion declared its independence in 1918, but was conquered by the Soviet Red Army in 1920. Armenian leaders remain preoccupied by the long conflict with Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh, a primarily Armenian-populated region, assigned to Soviet Azerbaijan in the 1920s by Moscow. Armenia and Azerbaijan began fighting over the area in 1988; the struggle escalated after both countries attained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. By May 1994, when a cease-fire took hold, Armenian forces held not only Nagorno-Karabakh but also a significant portion of Azerbaijan proper. The economies of both sides have been hurt by their inability to make substantial progress toward a peaceful resolution. Turkey imposed an economic blockade on Armenia and closed the common border because of the Armenian separatists' control of Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding areas.
Languages spoken
Armenian 97.7%, Yezidi 1%, Russian 0.9%, other 0.4% (2001 census)
What about drugs?
illicit cultivation of small amount of cannabis for domestic consumption; minor transit point for illicit drugs - mostly opium and hashish - moving from Southwest Asia to Russia and to a lesser extent the rest of Europe
Ethnic division
Armenian 97.9%, Yezidi (Kurd) 1.3%, Russian 0.5%, other 0.3% (2001 census)
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
0.1% (2003 est.)
Climate
highland continental, hot summers, cold winters
Resources
small deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, bauxite
Economy
Since the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, Armenia has made progress in implementing many economic reforms including privatization, price reforms, and prudent fiscal policies. The conflict with Azerbaijan over the ethnic Armenian-dominated region of Nagorno-Karabakh contributed to a severe economic decline in the early 1990s. By 1994, however, the Armenian Government launched an ambitious IMF-sponsored economic liberalization program that resulted in positive growth rates. Economic growth has averaged over 10% in recent years. Armenia has managed to reduce poverty, slash inflation, stabilize its currency, and privatize most small- and medium-sized enterprises. Under the old Soviet central planning system, Armenia developed a modern industrial sector, supplying machine tools, textiles, and other manufactured goods to sister republics, in exchange for raw materials and energy. Armenia has since switched to small-scale agriculture and away from the large agroindustrial complexes of the Soviet era. Nuclear power plants built at Metsamor in the 1970s were closed following the 1988 Spitak Earthquake, though they sustained no damage. One of the two reactors was re-opened in 1995, but the Armenian government is under international pressure to close it due to concerns that the Soviet era design lacks important safeguards. Metsamor provides 40 percent of the country's electricity - hydropower accounts for about one-fourth. Economic ties with Russia remain close, especially in the energy sector. The electricity distribution system was privatized in 2002 and bought by Russia's RAO-UES in 2005. Construction of a pipeline to deliver natural gas from Iran to Armenia is scheduled for completion in Spring 2009. Armenia has some mineral deposits (copper, gold, bauxite). Pig iron, unwrought copper, and other nonferrous metals are Armenia's highest valued exports. Armenia's severe trade imbalance has been offset somewhat by international aid, remittances from Armenians working abroad, and foreign direct investment. Armenia joined the WTO in January 2003. The government made some improvements in tax and customs administration in recent years, but anti-corruption measures will be more difficult to implement. Despite strong economic growth, Armenia's unemployment rate remains high. Armenia will need to pursue additional economic reforms in order to improve its economic competitiveness and to build on recent improvements in poverty and unemployment, especially given its economic isolation from two of its nearest neighbors, Turkey and Azerbaijan. The disruption of rail transit into Armenia during the Georgia-Russia conflict in August 2008 highlighted how Armenia's supply chains for key goods - such as gasoline - were vulnerable to instances of regional instability.
Environment
soil pollution from toxic chemicals such as DDT; the energy crisis of the 1990s led to deforestation when citizens scavenged for firewood; pollution of Hrazdan (Razdan) and Aras Rivers; the draining of Sevana Lich (Lake Sevan), a result of its use as a source for hydropower, threatens drinking water supplies; restart of Metsamor nuclear power plant in spite of its location in a seismically active zone

Cities in Armenia

abovyan     agarak     agarakadzor     aghavnadzor     aghavnatun     akhuryan     aknalich     aknashen     alaverdi     amasia     amberd     anushavan     apaga     aparan     aragats     aragyukh     aramus     arapi     ararat     arazap     archis     areni     arevabuyr     arevashat     arevashogh     arevik     arevshat     argavand     argel     armash     armavir     arshaluys     artashat     arteni     artimet     artsvaberd     artsvanist     arzakan     arzni     ashnak     ashtarak     astghadzor     avshar     aygavan     aygedzor     aygehovit     aygek     aygepat     aygeshat     aygestan     aygezard     aygut     ayrum     azatamut     azatan     azatavan     baghramyan     bagratashen     balahovit     bambakashat     bardzrashen     bazum     berd     berdavan     brnakot     brun     buzhakan     byurakan     byuravan     byureghavan     chambarak     chochkan     dalar     dalarik     darakert     darpas     dashtavan     ddmashen     dilijan     dimitrov     doghs     drakhtik     dsegh     dvin     dzitankov     dzoraghbyur     dzoragyukh     fantan     fioletovo     gagarin     gandzak     garni     gavar     gay     geghamasar     geghamavan     geghanist     getahovit     getashen     getazat     ghukasavan     gladzor     gogaran     goris     gosh     griboyedov     gyulagarak     gyumri     haghartsin     hayanist     haykashen     haykavan     hnaberd     hoktember     horom     hovtashat     hovtashen     hrazdan     ijevan     janfida     jermuk     jrahovit     jrashen     kamaris     kamo     kanakeravan     kapan     kaputan     karbi     karchaghbyur     kasakh     khashtarak     khndzoresk     kosh     lanjaghbyur     lchashen     lenughi     lernakert     lernanist     lernantsk     lernapat     lernavan     lorut     lukashin     madina     maisyan     malishka     maralik     margahovit     margara     marmarashen     marmashen     martuni     masis     mayakovski     meghradzor     meghrashen     meghri     merdzavan     mets masrik     mets parni     metsamor     metsavan     mosesgegh     mrganush     mrgashat     mrgashen     mrgavan     mrgavet     musaler     musayelyan     myasnikyan     nalbandyan     navur     nizami     nor armavir     nor geghi     nor gyukh     nor yerznka     norakert     noramarg     norashen     noratus     noyakert     noyemberyan     nshavan     odzun     oshakan     paravakar     pemzashen     pokr mantash     proshyan     pshatavan     ptghni     ranchpar     rind     samaghar     saramech     saratak     sarigyukh     sarukhan     sasunik     sevan     shaghat     shahumyan     shatin     shenavan     shinuhayr     shirak     shirakamut     shnogh     sis     sisavan     sisian     solak     sovetakan     spandaryan     spitak     surenavan     talin     tandzut     taronik     tashir     tazagyukh     tegh     tsaghkaber     tsaghkadzor     tsaghkahovit     tsiatsan     tsovagyugh     tsovak     tsovazard     tsovinar     tumanyan     urut     ushi     vagharshapat     vaghashen     vahagni     vahan     vanadzor     vardablur     vardadzor     vardenik     vardenis     varser     vedi     verin artashat     verin dvin     verin getashen     verishen     vernashen     voskehask     voskehat     voskevan     voskevaz     vostan     yeghegnavan     yeghegnut     yeghvard     yeraskhahun     yerazgavors     yerevan     zangakatun     zar     zaritap     zhdanov     zorak     zoravan     zovaber     zovuni    


Airports in Armenia
YerevanEVN


Beer in Armenia (0.33l)
Yerevan~ 0.8 EUR

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