ARGENTINA

Information about travelling to Argentina

Argentina is located in Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay

Facts about Argentina
Population40.482 million (July 2008
CapitalBuenos Aires
Time zoneUTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begin
Location Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay

General info about Argentina
In 1816, the United Provinces of the Rio Plata declared their independence from Spain. After Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay went their separate ways, the area that remained became Argentina. The country's population and culture were heavily shaped by immigrants from throughout Europe, but most particularly Italy and Spain, which provided the largest percentage of newcomers from 1860 to 1930. Up until about the mid-20th century, much of Argentina's history was dominated by periods of internal political conflict between Federalists and Unitarians and between civilian and military factions. After World War II, an era of Peronist populism and direct and indirect military interference in subsequent governments was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976. Democracy returned in 1983 after a failed bid to seize the Falkland (Malvinas) Islands by force, and has persisted despite numerous challenges, the most formidable of which was a severe economic crisis in 2001-02 that led to violent public protests and the resignation of several interim presidents.
Disease threats
degree of risk: intermediate food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A
Languages spoken
Spanish (official), Italian, English, German, French
What about drugs?
a transshipment country for cocaine headed for Europe; some money-laundering activity, especially in the Tri-Border Area; law enforcement corruption; a source for precursor chemicals; increasing domestic consumption of drugs in urban centers, especially cocaine base and synthetic drugs
Ethnic division
white (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry), Amerindian, or other non-white groups 3%
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
0.7% (2001 est.)
Climate
mostly temperate; arid in southeast; subantarctic in southwest
Resources
fertile plains of the pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium
Economy
Argentina benefits from rich natural resources, a highly literate population, an export-oriented agricultural sector, and a diversified industrial base. Although one of the world's wealthiest countries 100 years ago, Argentina suffered during most of the 20th century from recurring economic crises, persistent fiscal and current account deficits, high inflation, mounting external debt, and capital flight. A severe depression, growing public and external indebtedness, and a bank run culminated in 2001 in the most serious economic, social, and political crisis in the country's turbulent history. Interim President Adolfo RODRIGUEZ SAA declared a default - the largest in history - on the government's foreign debt in December of that year, and abruptly resigned only a few days after taking office. His successor, Eduardo DUHALDE, announced an end to the peso's decade-long 1-to-1 peg to the US dollar in early 2002. The economy bottomed out that year, with real GDP 18% smaller than in 1998 and almost 60% of Argentines under the poverty line. Real GDP rebounded to grow by an average 9% annually over the subsequent five years, taking advantage of previously idled industrial capacity and labor, an audacious debt restructuring and reduced debt burden, excellent international financial conditions, and expansionary monetary and fiscal policies. Inflation also increased, however, during the administration of President Nestor KIRCHNER, which responded with price restraints on businesses, as well as export taxes and restraints, and beginning in early 2007, with understating inflation data. Cristina FERNANDEZ DE KIRCHNER succeeded her husband as President in late 2007, but was stymied in her efforts to hike export taxes still further by protesting farmers. Her government nationalized private pension funds in late 2008, which bolstered government coffers, but failed to assuage investors' concerns about the direction of economic policy.
Environment
environmental problems (urban and rural) typical of an industrializing economy such as deforestation, soil degradation, desertification, air pollution, and water pollution note: Argentina is a world leader in setting voluntary greenhouse gas targets

Cities in Argentina

alta gracia     azul     bahia blanca     bell ville     campana     catamarca     chacabuco     chivilcoy     comodoro rivadavia     concepcion del uruguay     concordia     cordoba     corrientes     dolores     eldorado     formosa     general pico     general roca     goya     gualeguay     gualeguaychu     jujuy     junin     la plata     la rioja     libertador general san martin     lincoln     lujan     mar del plata     mendoza     mercedes     necochea     neuquen     nueve de julio     obera     olavarria     parana     pergamino     posadas     presidencia roque saenz pena     puerto madryn     punta alta     rafaela     rawson     reconquista     resistencia     rio cuarto     rio gallegos     rio tercero     rivadavia     rosario     salta     san carlos de bariloche     san francisco     san juan     san lorenzo     san luis     san martin     san nicolas     san pedro     san rafael     san ramon de la nueva oran     san vicente     santa fe     santa rosa     santiago del estero     tandil     tartagal     trelew     tres arroyos     tucuman     ushuaia     veinticinco de mayo     venado tuerto     victoria     viedma     villa carlos paz     villa constitucion     villa maria     zarate    

National airlines
Aerolineas Argentinasairline website


Airports in Argentina
Airport. Jorge NewberyAEP
San RafaelAFA
Paso De Los LibresAOL
ZapalaAPZ
Alto Rio SenguerrARR
ComandanteBHI
Metropolitan AreaBUE
Colonia CatrielCCT
ClorindaCLX
Camba PuntaCNQ
CharataCNT
ConcordiaCOC
Pajas BlancasCOR
Carmen De PatagonesCPG
Comodoro RivadaviaCRD
CeresCRR
Brigadier Hector RuizCSZ
CatamarcaCTC
Caleta OliviaCVI
El BolsonEHL
EldoradoELO
El MaitenEMX
EsquelEQS
Ministro PistariniEZE
El PucuFMA
El CalafateFTE
Gobernador GregoresGGS
GualeguaychuGHU
General RocaGNR
General PicoGPO
Oscar RegueraHOS
Ingeniero JacobacciIGB
CataratasIGR
Lago ArgentinoING
La RiojaIRJ
JuninJNI
Jose De San MartinJSM
El CadillalJUJ
La CumbreLCM
LoncopueLCP
MalargueLGS
Las HerasLHS
Las LomitasLLS
Los MenucosLMD
La PlataLPG
San LuisLUQ
Monte CaserosMCS
Mar Del PlataMDQ
MercedesMDX
El PlumerilloMDZ
MiramarMJR
MaquinchaoMQD
NecocheaNEC
NeuquenNQN
San Antonio OesteOES
Colonia SarmientoOLN
OranORA
OlavarriaOVR
GoyaOYA
Tres ArroyosOYO
PehuajoPEH
Perito MorenoPMQ
El TehuelchePMY
ParanaPRA
PosadasPSS
Puerto DeseadoPUD
ReconquistaRCQ
Rio CuartoRCU
TrelewREL
ResistenciaRES
Rio GrandeRGA
InternacionalRGL
Rio HondoRHD
FishertonROS
Rio MayoROY
Santa RosaRSA
Rio TurbioRYO
Santa CruzRZA
Santiago Del EsteroSDE
Santa FeSFN
Sierra GrandeSGV
Gen BelgranoSLA
Santa TeresitaSST
Saenz PenaSZQ
TandilTDL
TartagalTTG
San JuanUAQ
San JulianULA
Islas MalvinasUSH
Curuzu CuatiaUZU
ValchetaVCF
ViedmaVDM
Villa DoloresVDR
General VillegasVGS
Villa GesellVLG
Villa MercedesVME


Beer in Argentina (0.33l)
Bolivar~ 0.4 EUR
Buenos Aires~ 0.5 EUR
Buenos Aires~ 0.5 EUR
La Plata~ 0.7 EUR
Parana~ 0.3 EUR
Rosario~ 0.6 EUR
Salta~ 0.5 EUR
Tucumán~ 0.4 EUR

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