JAPAN

Information about travelling to Japan

Japan is located in Eastern Asia, island chain between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan, east of the Korean Peninsula

Facts about Japan
Population127,288,416 (July 2008 es
CapitalTokyo
Time zoneUTC+9 (14 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Location Eastern Asia, island chain between the North Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan, east of the Korean Peninsula

General info about Japan
In 1603, a Tokugawa shogunate (military dictatorship) ushered in a long period of isolation from foreign influence in order to secure its power. For more than two centuries this policy enabled Japan to enjoy stability and a flowering of its indigenous culture. Following the Treaty of Kanagawa with the US in 1854, Japan opened its ports and began to intensively modernize and industrialize. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Japan became a regional power that was able to defeat the forces of both China and Russia. It occupied Korea, Formosa (Taiwan), and southern Sakhalin Island. In 1931-32 Japan occupied Manchuria, and in 1937 it launched a full-scale invasion of China. Japan attacked US forces in 1941 - triggering America's entry into World War II - and soon occupied much of East and Southeast Asia. After its defeat in World War II, Japan recovered to become an economic power and a staunch ally of the US. While the emperor retains his throne as a symbol of national unity, elected politicians - with heavy input from bureaucrats and business executives - wield actual decisionmaking power. The economy experienced a major slowdown starting in the 1990s following three decades of unprecedented growth, but Japan still remains a major economic power, both in Asia and globally.
Languages spoken
Japanese
Ethnic division
Japanese 98.5%, Koreans 0.5%, Chinese 0.4%, other 0.6% note: up to 230,000 Brazilians of Japanese origin migrated to Japan in the 1990s to work in industries; some have returned to Brazil (2004)
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
less than 0.1% (2003 est.)
Climate
varies from tropical in south to cool temperate in north
Resources
negligible mineral resources, fish note: with virtually no energy natural resources, Japan is the world's largest importer of coal and liquefied natural gas as well as the second largest importer of oil
Economy
Government-industry cooperation, a strong work ethic, mastery of high technology, and a comparatively small defense allocation (1% of GDP) helped Japan advance with extraordinary rapidity to the rank of second most technologically powerful economy in the world after the US and the third-largest economy in the world after the US and China, measured on a purchasing power parity (PPP) basis. One notable characteristic of the economy has been how manufacturers, suppliers, and distributors have worked together in closely-knit groups called keiretsu. A second basic feature has been the guarantee of lifetime employment for a substantial portion of the urban labor force. Both features have now eroded. Japan's industrial sector is heavily dependent on imported raw materials and fuels. The tiny agricultural sector is highly subsidized and protected, with crop yields among the highest in the world. Usually self sufficient in rice, Japan must import about 55% of its food on a caloric basis. Japan maintains one of the world's largest fishing fleets and accounts for nearly 15% of the global catch. For three decades, overall real economic growth had been spectacular - a 10% average in the 1960s, a 5% average in the 1970s, and a 4% average in the 1980s. Growth slowed markedly in the 1990s, averaging just 1.7%, largely because of the after effects of overinvestment and an asset price bubble during the late 1980s that required a protracted period of time for firms to reduce excess debt, capital, and labor. In 2002-08, growth improved and the lingering fears of deflation in prices and economic activity lessened, leading the central bank to raise interest rates to 0.25% in July 2006, up from the near 0% rate of the six years prior, and to 0.75% in December 2007. In addition, the 10-year privatization of Japan Post, which has functioned not only as the national postal delivery system but also, through its banking and insurance facilities as Japan's largest financial institution, was completed in October 2007, marking a major milestone in the process of structural reform. The Japanese financial sector weathered the initial impact of the global credit crunch, but a sharp downturn in business investment and global demand for Japan's exports in late 2008 pushed Japan into a recession. Furthermore, Japan's huge government debt, which totals 170% of GDP, and the aging of the population are two major long-run problems. Some fear that a rise in taxes could endanger the current economic recovery. Debate also continues on the role of and effects of reform in restructuring the economy, particularly with respect to increasing income disparities.
Environment
air pollution from power plant emissions results in acid rain; acidification of lakes and reservoirs degrading water quality and threatening aquatic life; Japan is one of the largest consumers of fish and tropical timber, contributing to the depletion of these resources in Asia and elsewhere

Cities in Japan

abashiri     abiko     ageo     aioi     akabira     akashi     aki     akita     ako     akune     amagasaki     amagi     ami     anan     anjo     annaka     aomori     arai     asahi     asahikawa     asaka     ashibetsu     ashikaga     ashiya     atami     atsugi     ayabe     beppu     bibai     bihoro     chatan     chiba     chichibu     chigasaki     chino     chiryu     chitose     chofu     choshi     daigo     daito     date     ebetsu     edosaki     enzan     fuchu     fuji     fujieda     fujinomiya     fujioka     fujisawa     fujishiro     fukagawa     fukaya     fukiage     fukuchiyama     fukue     fukui     fukuma     fukumitsu     fukuoka     fukuroi     fukushima     fukuyama     funabashi     funehiki     furukawa     fussa     futtsu     gamagori     gifu     ginowan     gobo     godo     gojo     gose     gosen     goshogawara     gotemba     gotsu     gushikawa     gyoda     hachinohe     hachioji     hadano     haebaru     hagi     haibara     hakodate     hakone     hakui     hamada     hamakita     hamamatsu     hanamaki     handa     hanno     hanyu     hasaki     hashimoto     hasuda     hatogaya     hatsukaichi     hayama     hayato     hekinan     higashine     hiji     hikari     hikone     himeji     himi     hino     hirado     hirakata     hirara     hirata     hiratsuka     hirosaki     hiroshima     hisai     hita     hitachi     hitoyoshi     hobara     hofu     hojo     hokota     hondo     honjo     hotaka     ibara     ibaraki     ibusuki     ichihara     ichikawa     ichinohe     ichinomiya     ichinoseki     iida     iiyama     iizuka     ijuin     ikeda     ikoma     imabari     imaichi     imari     ina     inawashiro     inazawa     innoshima     ino     inuyama     isahaya     isawa     ise     isehara     isesaki     ishigaki     ishige     ishii     ishikari     ishikawa     ishinomaki     ishioka     isshiki     itako     itami     ito     itoigawa     itoman     itsukaichi     iwade     iwai     iwaki     iwakuni     iwakura     iwamizawa     iwanai     iwanuma     iwase     iwata     iwatsuki     iyo     izumi     izumiotsu     izumo     kadoma     kagoshima     kainan     kaita     kaizuka     kajiki     kakamigahara     kakegawa     kakogawa     kakuda     kamaishi     kamakura     kameda     kameoka     kameyama     kamifukuoka     kamiichi     kamiiso     kaminokawa     kaminoyama     kamo     kamogata     kamogawa     kamojima     kanaya     kanazawa     kanda     kanie     kannabe     kanonji     kanoya     kanuma     kanzaki     karasuyama     karatsu     kariya     kasama     kasamatsu     kasaoka     kaseda     kashihara     kashima     kashiwa     kashiwara     kashiwazaki     kasugai     kasukabe     katsuura     katsuyama     kawagoe     kawaguchi     kawai     kawanishi     kawanoe     kawasaki     kazo     kazuno     kesennuma     kikuchi     kimitsu     kiryu     kisai     kisarazu     kishiwada     kisogawa     kitaibaraki     kitakami     kitakata     kitakyushu     kitami     kitsuki     kizu     kizukuri     kobayashi     kobe     kochi     kodaira     kodama     kofu     koga     koganei     kogota     kokubu     kokubunji     komae     komaki     komatsu     komatsushima     komono     komoro     konan     konosu     koriyama     koshigaya     kosugi     kozakai     kudamatsu     kuji     kuki     kumagaya     kumamoto     kunitachi     kurashiki     kurayoshi     kure     kurihashi     kuroishi     kuroiso     kurume     kusatsu     kushikino     kushima     kushiro     kusu     kuwana     kyoto     machida     maebaru     maebashi     maizuru     makabe     maki     makubetsu     makurazaki     marugame     maruko     marumori     maruoka     masaki     mashiko     masuda     matsubara     matsubase     matsudo     matsue     matsumoto     matsusaka     matsuyama     matto     menuma     mibu     mihara     miharu     miki     mikuni     minakuchi     minamata     mino     misawa     mishima     mitaka     mitake     mito     mitsukaido     mitsuke     miura     miyako     miyakonojo     miyata     miyazaki     miyazu     miyoshi     mizunami     mizusawa     mobara     moka     mombetsu     mori     moriguchi     morioka     moriya     moriyama     moroyama     motegi     motomiya     muika     muko     murakami     muramatsu     muroran     muroto     musashino     mutsu     nabari     nagahama     nagai     nagano     nagaoka     nagareyama     nagasaki     nagato     nagayo     nago     nagoya     naha     naka     nakajo     nakama     nakamura     nakano     nakanojo     nakatsu     nakatsugawa     namerikawa     namie     namioka     nanae     nanao     nara     narashino     narita     naruto     nayoro     naze     nemuro     nichinan     nihommatsu     niigata     niihama     niimi     niitsu     nikko     ninomiya     nirasaki     nishihara     nishinomiya     nishinoomote     nishio     nishiwaki     nobeoka     noboribetsu     noda     nogata     nonoichi     noshiro     numata     numazu     nyuzen     oarai     obama     obanazawa     obihiro     obu     oda     odate     odawara     ofunato     ogaki     ogawa     ogawara     ogori     ohara     oi     oiso     oita     ojiya     okawa     okaya     okayama     okazaki     okegawa     okinawa     okuchi     omachi     omagari     omama     ome     omigawa     omura     omuta     ono     onoda     onomichi     osaka     ota     otake     otaru     otawara     otofuke     otsu     otsuchi     otsuki     owase     oyama     ozu     rifu     rumoi     ryotsu     ryugasaki     ryuo     sabae     sadowara     saga     sagae     sagamihara     sagara     saijo     saiki     sakado     sakai     sakaide     sakaiminato     sakata     saku     sakura     sakurai     sanda     sanjo     sano     sapporo     sasaguri     sasayama     sasebo     satte     sawara     sayama     seki     sekiyado     sendai     setaka     seto     shibata     shibetsu     shibukawa     shibushi     shido     shiki     shimabara     shimada     shimizu     shimminato     shimoda     shimodate     shimonoseki     shingu     shinichi     shinjo     shinshiro     shiogama     shiojiri     shiozawa     shiraoi     shiraoka     shiroi     shiroishi     shirone     shisui     shizukuishi     shizunai     shizuoka     shobara     shobu     sobue     soja     soka     sueyoshi     sugito     suibara     suita     sukagawa     sukumo     sumoto     sunagawa     susaki     suwa     suzaka     suzuka     tachikawa     tadotsu     tagawa     tahara     tajimi     takahagi     takahama     takahashi     takahata     takaishi     takamatsu     takanabe     takanosu     takaoka     takarazuka     takasaki     takatsuki     takayama     takefu     takehara     takeo     taketa     taketoyo     takikawa     tamamura     tamana     tamano     tanabe     tanashi     tanuma     tanushimaru     tarui     tarumizu     tatebayashi     tateyama     tatsuno     tawaramoto     tendo     tenno     tenri     toba     tobe     tobetsu     tochigi     tochio     toda     togane     togitsu     tokamachi     toki     tokoname     tokorozawa     tokushima     tokuyama     tokyo     tomakomai     tomigusuku     tomioka     tomiya     tomobe     tondabayashi     tono     tonosho     toride     tosu     tottori     toyama     toyo     toyohashi     toyokawa     toyonaka     toyooka     toyoshina     toyota     tsu     tsubame     tsubata     tsukuba     tsukumi     tsuruga     tsurugi     tsuruoka     tsushima     tsuyama     ube     ueda     ueki     ueno     uenohara     uji     ujiie     umi     uozu     urayasu     ureshino     ushibuka     ushiku     usuki     utashinai     uto     utsunomiya     uwajima     wajima     wakayama     waki     wakkanai     wako     wakuya     warabi     watari     yachimata     yaita     yaizu     yamada     yamaga     yamagata     yamaguchi     yamasaki     yamoto     yanagawa     yanai     yao     yashiro     yasu     yasugi     yatsuo     yatsushiro     yawata     yawatahama     yoichi     yokaichi     yokaichiba     yokkaichi     yokohama     yokosuka     yokote     yonago     yonezawa     yorii     yoshida     yoshii     yoshikawa     yotsukaido     yubari     yugawara     yuki     yukuhashi     yuza     yuzawa     zama     zushi    

National airlines
ANAairline website
Japan Airlinesairline website


Airports in Japan
AguniAGJ
Naha AFBAHA
AsahikawaAKJ
AomoriAOJ
AkitaAXT
BeppuBPU
ChitoseCTS
Kadena AFBDNA
FukuiFKJ
Fukushima AirportFKS
FukueFUJ
FukuokaFUK
JunmachiGAJ
HachinoheHHE
InternationalHIJ
Hiroshima WestHIW
HakodateHKD
HanamakiHNA
HanedaHND
SagaHSG
HaterumaHTR
NiihamaIHA
NishinoomoteIIN
IshigakiISG
ItamiITM
IwamiIWJ
IzumoIZO
KochiKCZ
NiigataKIJ
Kansai InternationalKIX
MiyazakiKMI
KumamotoKMJ
KomatsuKMQ
Kagoshima AirportKOJ
KushiroKUH
KushimotoKUJ
MonbetsuMBE
MatsumotoMMJ
MisawaMSJ
MatsuyamaMYJ
Komaki AFBNGO
NagasakiNGS
NASNJA
NaritaNRT
ObihiroOBO
OshimaOIM
OkushiriOIR
OitaOIT
NahaOKA
OkadamaOKD
OkayamaOKJ
Yokota AFBOKO
OmuraOMJ
Metropolitan AreaOSA
RebunRBJ
SendaiSDJ
ShimojishimaSHI
ShirahamaSHM
Metropolitan AreaSPK
ShonaiSYO
TakamatsuTAK
TajimaTJH
TokushimaTKS
ToyamaTOY
TsushimaTSJ
TottoriTTJ
Metropolitan AreaTYO
UbeUBJ
KobeUKB
KyotoUKY
HokkaidoWKJ
MihoYGJ
YokohamaYOK


Beer in Japan (0.33l)
Fukuoka~ 1.7 EUR
Iwakuni~ 1.9 EUR
Kobe~ 2.4 EUR
Matsuyama~ 2.3 EUR
Misawa~ 1.8 EUR
Niigata~ 1.8 EUR
Okinawa~ 2.3 EUR
Osaka~ 2.3 EUR
OSAKA~ 2.3 EUR
Osaka~ 2.3 EUR
Sapporo~ 1.4 EUR
Sendai~ 1.3 EUR
Tokyo~ 2.7 EUR
Tokyo~ 2.7 EUR
Wakayama~ 1.7 EUR
Yokohama~ 3.1 EUR
Yokosuka~ 2.1 EUR

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