ESTONIA

Information about travelling to Estonia

Estonia is located in Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia

Facts about Estonia
Population1,307,605 (July 2008 est.
CapitalTallinn
Time zoneUTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begin
Location Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia

General info about Estonia
After centuries of Danish, Swedish, German, and Russian rule, Estonia attained independence in 1918. Forcibly incorporated into the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US - it regained its freedom in 1991, with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Since the last Russian troops left in 1994, Estonia has been free to promote economic and political ties with Western Europe. It joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004.
Disease threats
degree of risk: intermediate food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
Languages spoken
Estonian (official) 67.3%, Russian 29.7%, other 2.3%, unknown 0.7% (2000 census)
What about drugs?
growing producer of synthetic drugs; increasingly important transshipment zone for cannabis, cocaine, opiates, and synthetic drugs since joining the European Union and the Schengen Accord; potential money laundering related to organized crime and drug trafficking is a concern, as is possible use of the gambling sector to launder funds; major use of opiates and ecstasy
Ethnic division
Estonian 67.9%, Russian 25.6%, Ukrainian 2.1%, Belarusian 1.3%, Finn 0.9%, other 2.2% (2000 census)
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
1.1% (2001 est.)
Climate
maritime, wet, moderate winters, cool summers
Resources
oil shale, peat, phosphorite, clay, limestone, sand, dolomite, arable land, sea mud
Economy
Estonia, a 2004 European Union entrant, has a modern market-based economy and one of the highest per capita income levels in Central Europe. Estonia's successive governments have pursued a free market, probusiness economic agenda and have wavered little in their commitment to promarket reforms. Tallin's priority has been to sustain high growth rates - on average 8% over the last four years. The economy benefits from strong electronics and telecommunications sectors and strong trade ties with Finland, Sweden, and Germany. The current government has pursued relatively sound fiscal policies, resulting in balanced budgets and low public debt. Rapid growth, however, had made it difficult to keep inflation and large current-account deficits from soaring, putting downward pressure on the country's currency. The government has not given up on joining the euro, but has repeatedly postponed its euro adoption target. Estonia's economy slowed down markedly and even fell into recession in mid-2008, primarily as a result of an investment and consumption slump following the real estate market bubble burst.
Environment
air polluted with sulfur dioxide from oil-shale burning power plants in northeast; however, the amount of pollutants emitted to the air have fallen steadily, the emissions of 2000 were 80% less than in 1980; the amount of unpurified wastewater discharged to water bodies in 2000 was one-20th the level of 1980; in connection with the start-up of new water purification plants, the pollution load of wastewater decreased; Estonia has more than 1,400 natural and manmade lakes, the smaller of which in agricultural areas need to be monitored; coastal seawater is polluted in certain locations

Cities in Estonia

aakre     aasmae     aaspere     abja-paluoja     adavere     aegviidu     ahja     ahula     aksi     alatskivi     alavere     albu     alliku     amari     ambla     annikoru     antsla     aravete     aravu     ardu     are     arukula     aseri     assaku     aste     audru     avinurme     eidapere     elva     erastvere     esku     essu     haabneeme     haademeeste     haage     haapsalu     habaja     haiba     haljala     halliste     harju-risti     harku     harkujarve     helme     himmaste     hulja     hummuli     huuru     ignase     iisaku     ilmatsalu     imavere     jamejala     janeda     jarva-jaani     jarvakandi     jarve     joesuu     jogeva     johvi     joopre     juri     juuru     kaagjarve     kaapa     kaardi     kaarepere     kabala     kabli     kadrina     kaerepere     kaina     kaiu     kallaste     kambja     kanepi     karavete     kardla     karjakula     karksi     karksi-nuia     karla     karstna     karu     kauksi     keava     keeni     kehra     kehtna     keila     keila-joa     kihelkonna     kiili     kiisa     kiiu     kilingi-nomme     kivi-vigala     kivioli     klooga     kobela     kodila     koeru     kohila     kohtla-jarve     kohtla-nomme     koigi     kolga     kolga-jaani     kolkja     kollino     koluvere     koo     koonga     koosa     kopu     korvekula     kose     kose-uuemoisa     kostivere     krootuse     kudjape     kuimetsa     kulitse     kullamaa     kumna     kunda     kuremaa     kuremae     kuressaare     kurtna     kuusalu     laagri     laekvere     laeva     lagedi     lahte     laiuse     lasva     lavassaare     lehola     lehtmetsa     lehtse     leie     leisi     lelle     libatse     lihula     linna     linnamae     linte     lohkva     lohusuu     loksa     loo     luganuse     luige     luke     lullemae     lustivere     luua     luunja     maardu     maetaguse     mammaste     marjamaa     melliste     miiduranna     mikitamae     misso     moisakula     mooste     muraste     mustjala     mustla     mustvee     napi     narva     narva-joesuu     nasva     noo     oisu     olgina     olustvere     orava     orgita     orissaare     oru     osula     otepaa     padise     paide     paikuse     paistu     pajusti     palamuse     paldiski     palivere     panga     papsaare     pari     parksepa     parnu     parnu-jaagupi     peetri     piira     pisisaare     polgaste     poltsamaa     polva     prillimae     pringi     puhja     puiatu     puiga     puka     purtse     pussi     puunsi     puurmani     raasiku     rahinge     raikkula     raja     rakke     rakvere     ramsi     randvere     rani     rannu     rapina     rapla     ravila     reiu     riisipere     risti     roela     rohuneeme     roiu     rongu     roosna-alliku     rosma     rouge     rummu     saarepeedi     saase     sadala     saku     salme     sarevere     saru     saue     sauga     saverna     selja     seljametsa     sihva     siimusti     sillamae     simuna     sindi     sinimae     sipa     soe     soinaste     somerpalu     someru     sonda     sooru     suigu     suislepa     surgavere     surju     suure-jaani     suuremoisa     tabasalu     tabivere     taebla     tali     tallinn     tamme     tammiku     tammiste     tamsalu     tapa     tarbja     tartu     tihemetsa     tilsi     toila     tootsi     toravere     tori     torma     torva     tostamaa     triigi     tsirguliina     tsooru     tudu     tudulinna     turba     turi     turi-alliku     ubja     uhti     uhtna     ulenurme     ulila     ulvi     uuemoisa     uulu     uusna     vaatsa     vaida     vaike-kamari     vaike-maarja     vaimastvere     vaimela     vajangu     valga     valjala     valkla     vana-antsla     vana-vigala     vana-voidu     vanamoisa     vandra     vao     vara     varbola     varska     varstu     vasalemma     vaskjala     vastemoisa     vastse-kuuste     vastseliina     veltsi     veriora     vihtra     viimsi     viiratsi     viljandi     vinni     virtsu     viru-jaagupi     viru-nigula     vohma     voisiku     voiste     voka     vonnu     voore     voru     vosu    


Airports in Estonia
KardlaKDL
Pirita HarbourQUF
TartuTAY
UlemisteTLL


Beer in Estonia (0.33l)
Parnu~ 1.2 EUR
Tallinn~ 1.2 EUR
Tallinn~ 1.2 EUR
Tartu~ 0.8 EUR

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