Facts about Svalbard
|Population||no indigenous inhabitants|
Northern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the Norwegian Sea, northeast of Iceland
General info about Svalbard
This desolate, arctic, mountainous island was named after a Dutch whaling captain who indisputably discovered it in 1614 (earlier claims are inconclusive). Visited only occasionally by seal hunters and trappers over the following centuries, the island came under Norwegian sovereignty in 1929. The long dormant Haakon VII Toppen/Beerenberg volcano resumed activity in 1970; the most recent eruption occurred in 1985. It is the northernmost active volcano on earth.
arctic maritime with frequent storms and persistent fog
Jan Mayen is a volcanic island with no exploitable natural resources. Economic activity is limited to providing services for employees of Norway's radio and meteorological stations on the island.
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Cities in Svalbardbarentsburg longyearbyen ny-alesund