Facts about Slovenia
|Population||2,007,711 (July 2008 est.|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begin|
Central Europe, eastern Alps bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Austria and Croatia
General info about Slovenia
The Slovene lands were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the latter's dissolution at the end of World War I. In 1918, the Slovenes joined the Serbs and Croats in forming a new multinational state, which was named Yugoslavia in 1929. After World War II, Slovenia became a republic of the renewed Yugoslavia, which though Communist, distanced itself from Moscow's rule. Dissatisfied with the exercise of power by the majority Serbs, the Slovenes succeeded in establishing their independence in 1991 after a short 10-day war. Historical ties to Western Europe, a strong economy, and a stable democracy have assisted in Slovenia's transformation to a modern state. Slovenia acceded to both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004.
Slovenian 91.1%, Serbo-Croatian 4.5%, other or unspecified 4.4% (2002 census)
What about drugs?
minor transit point for cocaine and Southwest Asian heroin bound for Western Europe, and for precursor chemicals
Slovene 83.1%, Serb 2%, Croat 1.8%, Bosniak 1.1%, other or unspecified 12% (2002 census)
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
less than 0.1% (2001 est.)
Mediterranean climate on the coast, continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters in the plateaus and valleys to the east
lignite coal, lead, zinc, building stone, hydropower, forests
Slovenia, which on 1 January 2007 became the first 2004 European Union entrant to adopt the euro, is a model of economic success and stability for the region. With the highest per capita GDP in Central Europe, Slovenia has excellent infrastructure, a well-educated work force, and a strategic location between the Balkans and Western Europe. Privatization has lagged since 2002, and the economy has one of highest levels of state control in the EU. Structural reforms to improve the business environment have allowed for somewhat greater foreign participation in Slovenia's economy and have helped to lower unemployment. In March 2004, Slovenia became the first transition country to graduate from borrower status to donor partner at the World Bank. In December 2007, Slovenia was invited to begin the accession process for joining the OECD. Despite its economic success, foreign direct investment (FDI) in Slovenia has lagged behind the region average, and taxes remain relatively high. Furthermore, the labor market is often seen as inflexible, and legacy industries are losing sales to more competitive firms in China, India, and elsewhere.
Sava River polluted with domestic and industrial waste; pollution of coastal waters with heavy metals and toxic chemicals; forest damage near Koper from air pollution (originating at metallurgical and chemical plants) and resulting acid rain
Cities in Sloveniaajdovscina ankaran beltinci bled borovnica brezice brezovica pri ljubljani celje cerknica crna na koroskem crnomelj domzale dravograd gornja radgona grosuplje hrastnik idrija ig ilirska bistrica izola jagodje jesenice kamnik kocevje koper kranj kranjska gora kromberk krsko lasko lenart lendava lesce limbus litija ljubljana ljutomer logatec lovrenc na pohorju lucija maribor medvode menges metlika mezica miklavz na dravskem polju mislinja mozirje murska sobota muta nova gorica novo mesto ormoz pesnica pri mariboru piran pivka polzela portoroz postojna prevalje ptuj race radece radenci radlje ob dravi radovljica rakek ravne rence ribnica rogaska slatina ruse sempeter sencur senovo sentjur sevnica sezana skofja loka skofljica slovenj gradec slovenska bistrica slovenske konjice solkan sostanj spodnja idrija spodnje hoce store straza tolmin trbovlje trebnje trzic trzin velenje verd vir vnanje gorice vojnik vrhnika vrtojba zagorje ob savi zalec zelezniki ziri zrece