CUBA

Information about travelling to Cuba

Cuba is located in Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 km south of Key West, Florida

Facts about Cuba
Population11,423,952 (July 2008 est
CapitalHavana
Time zoneUTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins la
Location Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 km south of Key West, Florida

General info about Cuba
The native Amerindian population of Cuba began to decline after the European discovery of the island by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1492 and following its development as a Spanish colony during the next several centuries. Large numbers of African slaves were imported to work the coffee and sugar plantations, and Havana became the launching point for the annual treasure fleets bound for Spain from Mexico and Peru. Spanish rule eventually provoked an independence movement and occasional rebellions that were harshly suppressed. US intervention during the Spanish-American War in 1898 assisted the Cubans in overthrowing Spanish rule. The Treaty of Paris established Cuban independence from the US in 1902, after which the island experienced a string of governments mostly dominated by the military and corrupt politicians. Fidel CASTRO led a rebel army to victory in 1959; his iron rule held the subsequent regime together for nearly five decades. He stepped down as president in February 2008 in favor of his younger brother Raul CASTRO. Cuba's Communist revolution, with Soviet support, was exported throughout Latin America and Africa during the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. The country faced a severe economic downturn in 1990, following the withdrawal of former Soviet subsidies, worth $4 billion to $6 billion annually. Cuba portrays its difficulties as the result of the US embargo in place since 1961. Illicit migration to the US - using homemade rafts, alien smugglers, air flights, or via the southwest border - is a continuing problem. The US Coast Guard intercepted 2,656 individuals attempting to cross the Straits of Florida in fiscal year 2007.
Disease threats
degree of risk: intermediate food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
Languages spoken
Spanish
What about drugs?
territorial waters and air space serve as transshipment zone for US- and European-bound drugs; established the death penalty for certain drug-related crimes in 1999
Ethnic division
white 65.1%, mulatto and mestizo 24.8%, black 10.1% (2002 census)
HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
less than 0.1% (2003 est.)
Climate
tropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season (November to April); rainy season (May to October)
Resources
cobalt, nickel, iron ore, chromium, copper, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land
Economy
The government continues to balance the need for economic loosening against a desire for firm political control. It has rolled back limited reforms undertaken in the 1990s to increase enterprise efficiency and alleviate serious shortages of food, consumer goods, and services. The average Cuban's standard of living remains at a lower level than before the downturn of the 1990s, which was caused by the loss of Soviet aid and domestic inefficiencies. Since late 2000, Venezuela has been providing oil on preferential terms, and it currently supplies about 100,000 barrels per day of petroleum products. Cuba has been paying for the oil, in part, with the services of Cuban personnel in Venezuela, including some 30,000 medical professionals.
Environment
air and water pollution; biodiversity loss; deforestation

Cities in Cuba

abreus     agramonte     aguada de pasajeros     alacranes     alquizar     amancio     artemisa     baguanos     bahia honda     banes     baracoa     baragua     batabano     bauta     bayamo     bejucal     bolondron     cabaiguan     cabanas     caibarien     calabazar de sagua     calimete     camaguey     camajuani     campechuela     candelaria     cardenas     chambas     ciego de avila     cienfuegos     cifuentes     colombia     colon     condado     consolacion del sur     contramaestre     corralillo     cruces     cueto     cumanayagua     el cobre     encrucijada     esmeralda     esperanza     florida     fomento     gibara     guaimaro     guanajay     guane     guantanamo     guines     guira de melena     guisa     holguin     jaguey grande     jaruco     jatibonico     jiguani     jobabo     jovellanos     las tunas     los arabos     los palacios     madruga     manati     manguito     manicaragua     mantua     manzanillo     mariel     marti     matanzas     mayari     media luna     minas     moa     moron     niquero     nueva gerona     nuevitas     palma soriano     palmira     pedro betancourt     perico     pinar del rio     placetas     primero de enero     puerto padre     quemado de guines     rancho veloz     ranchuelo     remedios     rio cauto     rodas     sagua de tanamo     sagua la grande     san antonio de los banos     san cristobal     san diego de los banos     san jose de las lajas     san luis     san nicolas     sancti spiritus     santa clara     santa cruz del norte     santa cruz del sur     santa fe     santiago de cuba     santiago de las vegas     santo domingo     sibanicu     trinidad     union de reyes     varadero     venezuela     vertientes     yaguajay     yara     zaza del medio     zulueta    


Airports in Cuba
Maximo GomezAVI
BaracoaBCA
C.M. de CespedesBYM
CienfuegosCFG
Ign Agramonte InternationalCMW
Los CanosGAO
Rafael CabreraGER
Jose Marti InternationalHAV
Frank PaisHOG
NicaroICR
La ColomaLCL
MayajiguaMJG
Orestes AcostaMOA
Sierra MaestraMZO
Guantanamo NASNBW
PrestonPST
Antonio MaceoSCU
San JulianSNJ
Santa ClaraSNU
SiguaneaSZJ
TrinidadTND
Punta AlegreUPA
Sancti SpiritusUSS
Juan Gualberto GomezVRA
KawamaVRO
Las TunasVTU


Beer in Cuba (0.33l)
Havana~ 0.9 EUR
Havana~ 0.9 EUR
Holguin~ 0.4 EUR
Pilon~ 0.3 EUR
Pinar Del Rio~ 0.4 EUR
Santiago De Cuba~ 0.6 EUR
Varadero~ 0.8 EUR

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